Chapter 16 - Principles of Management Assignment 3 Chapter...

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Motivation Motivation: refers to the process by which a person’s efforts are energized, directed, and sustained toward attaining a goal. Energy: Intensity or drive. A motivated puts forth a quality effort and works extremely hard Direction: Effort that is channeled towards the benefits of an organization. Persistence: Motivation that is always present to achieve organizational goals.
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Early Theories of Motivation Three theories to employee motivation: 1. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs 2. McGregor’s Theories X and Y 3. Herzberg’s two-factor theory Two reasons to study these theories: 1. They represent the foundation of motivational theories 2. Practicing managers still use these theories today
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory Hierarch of Needs Theory: Maslow broke down his theory into five basic needs: 1. Physiological needs 2. Safety needs 3. Social needs 4. Esteem needs 5. Self-actualization needs
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Chapter 16 - Principles of Management Assignment 3 Chapter...

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