ESSAY - ESSAYQUESTIONS 1.. Answer: Accor

ESSAY - ESSAYQUESTIONS 1.. Answer: Accor

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 3 pages.

COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE ESSAY CHAPTER 3 ESSAY QUESTIONS   1. Describe the Atkinson-Shiffrin model of memory. What three processes do psychologists believe are essential to understanding memory? Answer: Psychologists define memory as the retention of information or experience over time. According to the Atkinson-Shiffrin model, in order to remember, a person must encode, store, and retrieve information.  2. You friend Jane is having difficulty “taking in” the information in her history class so she asks you  to use your expertise in psychology to offer some suggestions on how to improve her memory  performance. Discuss how attention, deep processing, elaboration, and the use of mental imagery  can affect the encoding process. Answer:  Being able to engage in selective perception and focus on the subject matter improves  encoding. Deep-level processing, or thinking about the meaning of the stimulus as opposed to  merely noticing the physical features of the stimulus, also improves memory. Elaboration involves  making a number of different connections between new information and information we already  know. Typically, higher levels of elaboration are linked with better memory performance. Finally,  using visual imagery is one of the most powerful ways to make memories distinctive. Pavio’s dual- code hypothesis claims that memory for pictures is better than memory for words because pictures —at least those that can be named—are stored as both image codes and verbal codes. Thus, when  we use imagery to remember, we have two potential avenues by which we can retrieve information.  Given these results, you tell Jane that she should: (1) not multitask or divide her attention when  studying, (2) engage in deep-level processing by going above and beyond the rote memorization of 
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes