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PoliEcon Study Guide most

PoliEcon Study Guide most - IDs Transnational Advocacy...

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IDs Transnational Advocacy Networks TAN’s is an umbrella term for NGO’s, citizens associations, and trade unions and the like that influence global institutions to solve global problems by bringing high level visibility. Some notable issues that TAN’s frequently target include: HIV-AIDS, landmines, child soldiering, and violence against women. Double Movement Karl Polanyi established the idea of a “double movement”. He suggested that there was a double movement between economic liberals and protectionists. He talked about the tension between the group that wanted to expand the Self-Regulating Market (SRM) (the liberals) and the group that wanted to protect people from the SRM (the protectionist) Key Words: Karl Polanyi, Self-Regulating Market Framing Framing is essentially how someone phrases a statement or how someone interprets a situation or statement. Examples work best. Take for example the estate tax and the “death” tax. They are exactly the same thing. The difference is in the framing. Clearly the term “death” tax was introduced because Americans are more likely to respond negatively to that term rather than the estate tax even though they are exactly the same. -PRODUCER DRIVEN VALUE CHAIN -- When producer has control over  production located in one place. large firms coordinate production system that  works in many nations and place stages of production in different sites  depending on comparative advantage. Manufactuer ---> Trader ---> Retailer..  Example = Ford, cars, planes, electronics -BUYER DRIVEN VALUE CHAIN -- Retailers and brand names allow  decentralized coordination, subcontracting stages of production, but keeping  specification and standards. When all suppliers must compete and go one way  because the buyers want the best for the cheapest. Example -- Apparel, toys, 
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etc. going to Walmart.  -HIGH VALUE CLUSTER -- High value activities that countries must capture in  order for development. Example = firms, capital markets, and R&D (Research  and Development). In order to capture states must provide human capital and  infrastructure.  Import-substitution Industrialization: is a trade and economic policy based on the premise that a country should attempt to substitute products which it imports, mostly finished goods, with locally produced substitutes. Export-Oriented Industrialization:   is a trade and economic policy aiming to  speed-up the industrialization process of a country through exporting goods for  which the nation has a comparative advantage.  Triple Alliance:  The triple alliance was a term used by Peter Evans to describe the process of dependent development. According to this view, poor countries could develop, even though they remained dependent on the capital and technology of rich countries. This was possible because the
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