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Origins of Gov - Origins of Gov Study Set Study online at...

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22. Powers to each government: National: - declare war -admit new states State: -establish/maintain schools -provide public safety Shared: -maintain law & order -borrow money 23. Republic: elect representatives who make decisions for the people; small percentage of people might control 24. Social Contract Theory: Thomas Hobbes promoted the idea of a social contract in which people surrendered their freedom to the state, but in return they received order and security 25. Sovereignty: Gov. makes & enforces it's own laws w/o approval from any other authority 26. special interest group: people united by special political interests 27. State: Political community in a precise territory 28. Territory: Established boundaries of a country 29. Unitary System: One single unit; central gov. controls administrative decisions w/ powers that control subnational units 1. 5 essential elements of a democracy: 1. citizen participation 2. favorable economy 3. widespread education 4. strong civil society 5. social concensus 2.
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