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Theory Review ChartTheoreticalFrameworkView of Human NatureKey TheoristsKey TerminologyKey ConceptsStrengths/WeaknessTherapeutic TechniquesPsychodynamic1.PsychoanalysisHe believes that humans are motivated by instincts, which are called drives.People behavior. The behavior toward the satisfaction of hunger, survival and sex is compromised with the Id and psychic energy. The Ego and Superego is the development of a higher cognitive processes that prevent the world to be Chaotic.Fraud thinks that understanding the world is on a person psychological processes, unconscious andconscious which create Psychic reality. Psychic reality is an individual perception of the world. Psychoanalysis could have greater understanding of one motivations and operate more on objective reality. Although, a person satisfying their needs this may lead to narcotic behavior as the individual Sigmund Freudabreactionanal expulsiveanal retentivepersonalityanal stageanalytic neutralityanxietyasceticismcastration anxietycatharsischaractercompensationconsciousnesscountertransferencecreating a trusting atmospheredeath instinctdefense mechanismsdenialdeterministicdisplacementdissociationdream analysisdrivesegoThe key concept is the consciousness andunconsciousness. The consciousness are feelings, thoughts andbehavior that people are aware of that motivate the individual.The unconscious is the true motivator thatis the underlying desires and wants. The consciousness is represented as the small portion of self and the unconsciousness is the huge portion that motivate behavior. The unconscious repressed material andmemories that will sustain a negative emotional charge and shove out the consciousness to protect the individual.The preconscious, is the memories that Strength are people that have western values and effectivewhen working with individuals who seek such treatment and not in dire straight.Weakness is to determine if a measure change the unconscious. How can a person measure the unknown?The Therapeutic Techniques that evolved to help the facilitate deeper understanding by clients. Create a trusting atmospheremakes the client feel free to share their thoughts, feeling and behavior that may be shameful. The environment must be safe to encourage revelation.Free associationis when the client feels “free” to associate to any thought that edit or suppression of what the client think is irrelevant that can be distressing to talk about publicly. Free association can reveal our true feelingsand desire that can occur ina trusting environment.Resistance have analysis or prevented the analyst from gaining access to the client unconscious. Client resistance is a sign that the client is close to dealing with an unconscious issue.
tries to control his urges through the use of defense mechanism.