4145 History Handout - RNR\/BIOL 4145 History of Ichthyology Handout Aristotle(348-322 BC First known ichthyologist Recognized 117 species of fish

4145 History Handout - RNR/BIOL 4145 History of...

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RNR/BIOL 4145 - History of Ichthyology Handout Aristotle (348-322 BC) First known ichthyologist Recognized 117 species of fish Differentiated whales and fishes Pierre Belon (1517-1564) French naturalist Published first modern treatise on fish in 1551 One of the first workers in the science of comparative anatomy Guillaume Rondelet (1507-1566) Libri di Piscibus Marinis (Book of Marine Fish) 1555 “Marine fish” included whales, invertebrates, and seals Published first ichthyology textbook Gorge Marcgrave (1610-1644) Naturalist, map maker, and astronomer Conducted first regular astronomical observations in Southern Hemisphere Natural History of the Fishes of Brazil published posthumously 1686 Peter Artedi (1705-1735) “Father of Ichthyology” Standardized counts and measures still used in ichthyology today Developed classification system for fish Carl Linneaus (1707-1778) Adapted Artedi’s system for Systema Naturae “Father of Taxonomy”

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