AP 1 Lec 2-Themes of A&P - Anatomy Physiology I Lecture...

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Anatomy & Physiology I Lecture 2: Themes of A&P Prof. Magidah M. Alaudi, M.Sc. [email protected]
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Major Themes of Anatomy & Physiology Form and Function Origins of Biomedical Science Scientific Method Human Origins and Adaptations Human Structure Human Function Language of Medicine
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Anatomy & Physiology: Unity of Form and Function Anatomy : Study of structures Physiology : Study of structural functions Requires: Inspection : noting the appearance and specific details of a structure with plain sight Palpation : feeling a structure with hands Auscultation : listening to the natural sounds made by the body Percussion : taping the body, feeling for any abnormal resistance, listening to any sounds emitted after taps. Key in finding pockets of air or fluid within internal structures Key requisites for anatomy include: Medical Imaging Dissections (exploratory surgery in living humans) Histology (biopsy)
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Early Anatomical Drawings
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Physiology - The Study of Function Study of bodily functions by use of methods of experimental science Comparative physiology involves the study of different species Basis for the development of new drugs and medical procedures
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Human Structure Hierarchy of complexity Atoms compose molecules Molecules composed of atoms Organelles composed of molecules Tissues composed of cells Organs composed of tissues Organism is composed of organ systems
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Anatomical Variation No 2 humans are exactly alike Missing organs palmaris longus or plantaris muscles More or less organs than normal 2 spleens, single kidney, 6 or 4 lumbar vertebrae Variation in organ locations (situs inversus/dextrocardia, situs perversus)
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Human Function Characteristics of life organization
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