16-17 CCCH9016 L5M - The University of Hong Kong Department...

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The University of Hong Kong Department of Sociology (CCCH9016) Dr. Beatrice Oi-yeung Lam 8/10/2016 1 Introduction to Guest Lecture
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2 Globalization:
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Migration of domestic workers: Structural and institutional processes behind 3
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Estimated number of women and men employed as domesti c workers across the globe: at least 52.6m (2010) 1 in every 13 female wage workers in the world is a d omestic worker (7.5%) Asia and the Pacific takes up 41% of the global total of employed domestic workers Major sending countries of female migrant workers (6 0-80% amongst outward migrant workers): the Philippin es, Sri Lanka, Indonesia (International Labour Office 2013) 4
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5 Economic restructuring (opening for foreign investments) in the so-called ‘developing’ world =>destroyed self-sufficiency, rural bankruptcy =>slashed wages and male unemployment =>sharp reduction of welfare state social protections =>increased poverty =>Driving ‘feminization’ of outward migration flow from the 1980s onwards when demands for domestic/care services in the so-called ‘developed world’, especially in the global cities, are growing (Sassen 2002; Lan 2003; Hsia 2004)
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6 From the perspective of the states of the migrant-sending countries: =>reducing unemployment pressures =>remittances - an increasingly important sources of revenue (2013: global remittances received by developing countries exceeded USD 410 billion) (World Bank 2013)
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Servicing the ‘First World’ (Chang 2004)?
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