final ps431 q2

final ps431 q2 - Steve Hess March 19, 2008 PS 431 Final...

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Steve Hess March 19, 2008 PS 431 Final Final Paper PS 431 Question #2: For hundreds of year’s political theorists and minds alike have pondered on man’s true state of nature. Theorists like Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau have all debated on this subject; each coming up with his own theory on the development of “savage” man to “civil” man. Throughout this essay I will be examining each of these renowned theorists and their theories behind the natural/savage state of man. Comparing and contrasting each of their theories, I will hope to uncover some truth on the true nature of man and his progression into a civil society. Digging deeper, I will also look at the influence(s) Rousseau, Locke, and Hobbes had on each other as well other political scientists. Finally, I will delineate which theory I feel to be most logical and justify it accordingly. Comparing Views (Rousseau) When looking at Rousseau, Locke, and Hobbes’s views on savage and civil man one may notice their differing views. While Locke and Hobbes both saw man as being a naturally selfish and power hungry, Rousseau saw man as being generally good natured, and peace seeking. According to Rousseau, “Men in a state of nature do not know good and evil, but their independence, along with the peacefulness of their passions, and their ignorance of vice, keep them from doing ill” (Rousseau 71). This quote is a great example of how Rousseau viewed man as being naturally good natured and peace seeking.
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The man Rousseau describes in this quote is what he considers to be natural or savage man. Two things that separate Rousseau’s view of savage man from others is his
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final ps431 q2 - Steve Hess March 19, 2008 PS 431 Final...

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