Final ps431 q4 - Steve Hess PS 431 Final March 19, 2008...

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Steve Hess PS 431 Final March 19, 2008 Final Paper PS 431 Question #4 The overriding theme presented by Jean Jacque Rousseau throughout the Social Contract is the current state mankind resides in and the journey he has taken from his original state of nature. Rousseau examines this journey throughout the Social Contract and though he presents explanations/solutions for improved freedoms his desire for man to return to his original “savage” state where he bears no chains is evident throughout the text. Alongside Rousseau another famed political scientists, Thomas Hobbes, saw mans progression from this utopian “no-law” society, to the politically dominant society of modern times. Though both Hobbes and Rousseau saw this transition they saw it in differing light. As this essay continues I will analyze both Rousseau’s and Hobbe’s accounts of where this freedom has gone and what kinds of freedoms remain. I will also look at the reasoning each political theorists presents for his argument(s). Whether their conflicting opinions stem from differing time periods or social and state influences, both Hobbes and Rousseau must be seen as social and political visionaries. When it comes to the definition and functioning role of government Rousseau and Hobbes did not look eye to eye. Rousseau, who was drawn more towards the liberal mindset, believed that society should exist to protect its citizens and all of the rights of those citizens. Thomas Hobbes on the other hand saw the government as being the glue that holds society together. His vision of each man submitting to the statehood, forming
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the sovereign, and dedicating their time and loyalty to better it, as well as perpetuate it, is the base behind his book The Leviathan. So what exactly does Rousseau mean by, “Man is born free, and everywhere he is
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course ENG 255 taught by Professor Adams during the Spring '08 term at University of Oregon.

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Final ps431 q4 - Steve Hess PS 431 Final March 19, 2008...

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