Test 3 notes psych 101

Test 3 notes psych 101 - Evolution Nature/Nurture Part 1...

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Sheet1 Page 1 +Evolution -- Nature//Nurture Part 1 -- 62-72 Evolutionary Psychology - foxuses on biologically based mechanisms Biologically based mechanisms - enable and predispose us to behave, feel and think in certain ways Evolution - change over time in the frequency with which particular genes, and the characteristics they produce--occur within an interbreeding population Natural selection - traits that increase the liklihood or survival prevail over generations, and become more common over time Evolutionary noise - traits which are neutral and preserved over time should the need arise for them to become important to survival Important behavior in human evolution - learning memory emotion and motivation Not every human characteristic can be attributed to natural selection Remote evolutionary cause - past pressures that may have prompted natural selection Proximate evolutionary cause - more recent cayses sycg as cultural learning and immediate environment Know geno//pheno type, dominnant//recessive Polygenic Transmission - a variety of gene pairs combine influences to create a single phenotypic trait 70 trillion potential genotypes Adoption study - genetics vs environmental influence on traits Err:510 +Nature//Nurture Part 2: Prenatal Development 332-341 The more genes shared between individuals, the more similar iq test scores are Shared environment - conditions present to all people living in a given home around 25-33 percent of intelligence is determined by shared environmental factors theory of learning how to learn, approaches and critical thinking, rather than facts and memorization genetic factors influence which environments people select for themselves how they repsond to the environment and how the environment repsonds to them reaction range - range of possibilities, upper & lower limits the genetic code allows iq depends on genetics, environment, as well as personal motivation outcome bias - extent that a test underestimates a persons true intellectual ability predictive bias - occurs if the test successfully predicts criterion measures such as school or job
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