orgomanagementfinalreview

orgomanagementfinalreview - Change & Innovation...

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Definitions- Planned Change- Two types, Incremental and Transformational Incremental change- efforts to gradually improve basic operation and work processes in different parts of the company. Transformational change- redesigning and renewing the entire organization. Performance Gap-disparity between existing and desired performance levels. What motivates a company to change? Change in environmental factors-Consumers, competitors, economy, interactive Resistance to change Self intrest Lack of understanding and trust Uncertainty Different assessment and goals Types of Organizational change 1. Technology- General rule= change from the bottom up 2. New Product –ability to get product to consumers faster than competitors. 3. Structure- successful change= through a top-down approach 4. Culture/people- New training- most used tool. Force field analysis (Lewin) Definition- the process of determining which forces drive and resist a proposed change. Driving forces are-problems or opportunities that provide a motivation for change Resisting forces are- lack of resources, resistance from middle managers, and inadequate employee skills Innovative streams
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Learning and teaching Leadership and organization Workplace preparation Punctual equilibrium Basically holds the company in check through change Sense making Organization’s ability to make sense of ambiguous situations Designing Adaptive Organizations Definitions: Organizational Structure Defines how tasks are divided, resources are deployed, and departments are coordinated Set of formal tasks assigned Formal reporting relationships The design of systems to ensure effective coordination of employees across department Organizational Chart Visual representation Set of formal tasks Framework for vertical control Formal reporting relationships
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Work Specialization Tasks are subdivided into individual jobs Employees perform only the tasks relevant to their specialized function Jobs tend to be small, but they can be performed efficiently Unity of Command: For every objective, ensure unity of effort under one responsible commander. In a planning situation it is important to establish a command or authority hierarchy. A specific individual must accept personal accountability for approving plans and actions. This tip is sometimes interpreted as "have one boss" and that is the general thrust. The commander can delegate, but it is important to know who is in command in a situation. A person should have one and only one manager to whom he or she is directly responsible. Each person in an organization should take orders from and report to only one person.
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course BU 201 taught by Professor Lawter during the Spring '08 term at Sacread Heart University.

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orgomanagementfinalreview - Change & Innovation...

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