Biol101 f06 midterm exam1

Biol101 f06 midterm exam1 - _ Midterm Exam 1 F011“ A...

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Unformatted text preview: _ Midterm Exam 1 F011“ A Select the most correct answer: I . I. W o are the co-founders of the mechanism for evolution? @Darwin and Wallace . Darwin and Linnaeus c. Darwin and Buffon d. Lamarck and Lyell 2. The first reasonable evidence for life on earth dates from approximately billion years ago. a. 1.5 2.5 3.5 . 4.5 3. The front flippers of a whale and forelimbs of a hippo are because they are morphologically similar due to these animal's common ancestry. a. parsimonious b. mysterious c. convergent omologous 4. Why are arguments based on supernatural explanations not valid scientific hypotheses? a. science only explains miraculous events b. science doesn't care to address mysterious phenomena c. supernatural explanations are testable science explains observations by reference to natural laws 5. Natural selection explains the change in the in a population over time. gender composition frequency of a trait c. seasonal activity d. daily routine 6. The funnel and tentacles of cephalopods are modified from the mollusc's mantle and shell muScular foot c. visceral mass d. head 7. The collar cells (= choanocytes) have which are responsible for creating water movement throu h the sponge body. @flagella . cilia c. plates d. epithelial—muscular proteins 8. The intermediate hosts of Trematoda (and Digenca) parasitic flukes are usually a. goats cat's intestines snails d. humans 9. Cnidaria and Ctenophora have symmetry. radial . no c. geomorphic d. bilateral 10. The ancestral eukaryotic cell arose by a. spontaneous generation b. extinction of prokaryotic cells binary fission endosymbio sis Midterm Exam 1 Form A 21. character states are newly evolved variants from a previous state. ( Derived I . Ancestral c. Polarity d. Synapomorphic 22. A taxon is if it includes the most recent common ancestor of all members of a group and some but not all of the descendants. a. evolutionary @paraphyletic c. polyphyletic d. monophyletic 23. The is one of the three domains of life and contains the extremophiles. a. Eukarya b. Bacteria c. Monera “Archeae” 24. Linnean are slowly being abandoned by scientists because they are not comparable and sometimes do not reflect evolutionary history. a. theories classification ranks . names d. binomial nomenclature 25. The sister taxon to Animalia is the a. Porifera b. Cnidaria Choanoflagellates . “Archea” division of labor . fighting disease c. decreased gas exchange (1. genetic exchange 26. e advantage of being multicellular is the possibility for 27. Sponges feed, respire, and excrete by pumping water through their a. gastrovascular cavity osculum aquiferous system . mesohyl 28. The Anthozoa have lost their stage and are primarily sessile. medusa . polyp c. reproductive d. feeding 29. is when a moon jelly polyp buds off a new juvenile medusa. a. Planulation b. Sexual reproduction c. Deuterosomation Strobilation 30. Both and three tissue layers appear for the first time in bilaterally symmetrical animals. . multicellular organs cephalization c. the blastopore d. light sensing cells - WWW W 41. Ctenophores have plates of combs. a. 2 b. 4 c.6 @8 42.. What tissue layer was added when tissue evolved from diploblastic to triploblastic? a. ectoderm (E mesoden'n c. endoderm d. gastrodermis 43. The Protostornes have radial cell cleavage in early embryological development. a. true / alse (\ .r u r 9\’ : 2' Spiral cleavage _ '2 Radial cleavage 44. Protostomes have a nervous system. ventral . lateral c. dorsal d. posterior 45. Some flatworms have a specialized epidermis with interconnected cells known as a meSoderm . syncytial tegument c. gastrodermis d. endoderm 46. has evolved in some marine flatworms to signal predators that they are distasteful. a. A single sharp spine . Cryptic coloration Warning coloration d. A ruffled edge 47. The Cestoda tapeworms are a. Commensals b. Mutualistic c. Ectoparasites ndoparasites 48. Name the free-swimming and free-living stage of the Chinese Liver Fluke after it emerges from the snail host. Cercaria . Miraeidium c. Sporocyst d. Reclia proglottids . scolexes c. sucking organs d. clitellums 49. @dividual zooid segments of a tapeworm are known as 50. The radula is in the more ancestral molluscs (3.3. chitons) a. a reproductive organ for producing gametes b. the tissue that produces the shell Q) the feeding structure for grazing marine algae d. is the solitary tentacle ,1: I .i {h} Midterm Exam 1 Select the ms: Correct arts-wen- /t./I_eecbes haves muscular a. ‘ ‘va_ry_gland (- ., ' tei'iOr sucker tooth 2. Ajs different from a hypothesis. because the is " puma! alanine game-w ‘ ‘ ,. b. matespeoulation m" " ' " c. eguess d. based on very-littlcdata to help suck fluids £00m their hosts. (Q mm \ 9 k_, I 3. In sponges, wata'exits the body through the spongecoel and out the b. osttum c. pmsopyle d. radial canal 4. Nematocysts are able to file with incredible speeds because theoell is . a. packed full of spicules h. under extreme torsion {agth pressurized d. filled with chemical explosives . What tissue layer was added when tissue evolved from diploblastic to tn'ploblastic? {mm c. endoderm d. gastrodeunis 6. Variation among orgmisms is atesult of mutations in their fa. muscle structure @DNA c. protein molecules d. hair colomfion fiomusculax cells d. nervous cells jam?“ fiflit?reasonableewdenoeforltfeonearthdatesfiomappmxmtely— b. 2.5 c. 3.5 d. 4.5 flame the flee-living stage of Clonorchis after it mezch from the snail host. a. Mracidium mi 6. Redia d. Cetcaria 10. Film—feeding molluscs unable to close their two shells by contracting the a. hinge ligament b. funnel billion years ago. Form C $4 11. The noble pmkal'yotic cells. dosymbiotic . respiratory coexistence c. archetm bacteria dexobiOIOginal - ‘ ' ' they menot compamblcand ’ 4 13. Sys ‘cs advmtes having taxonomies based on . n @olufimarymmps . groups of similar organisms c Whylaic groups - d. polyphylctic groups Q W1 2_ 14. In {987, the Supreme Court ruled that teaching nation science as an alum-native to evolution was unconstitutional in the case Dolittle v. McGuire wads v... Agnillnrd c. Reinhold v. Reinhold :1. State of Oregon v. Eiwards (M2. 2 aw , ' annisficevolufiou b.Evoiution actuationsciange. (1%,? g a. landmasdidPakyinlBOixguedthat' isevidcnocthaianhndligenldesigncrplayeda “ ' rollincteafion._ tagcof multiccllular life? GW 2 Z ‘ i7.Whichisnotanadvan Wmmm Wmfiapmfionofflmmusmmjumd ! I. . . EH 18.1‘hcieadingpmponents oflntcliigentDesiguspendmostofflrirdme public.mthcnhanthcscienfificoommunity. {gang 19. Darwin' 5 ideas about evolution war. greatly a. Seycbcflc Islands b. Hawaiian Islands @alnpagos Islands (1. Channel Islands Quiz \ 0 mm 'lmd Ejdaptationofspecics asimilarityofocganisms ihictarchyoflife uymgtoswaytheviewofpofifidansmdme inflmcedbyhisexpuiminflmfl. in’stheory aboutperpetmflchange. "Ii/Gm l 0 (Qt/M1] 0 Form C h‘ 21. Experimental methods test proximate causes and differ from predictio using disturbance and control. mpatative b. theoretical c. hypotheticmdeductive d. falsifiable Midterm Exam l methods because they test 22. Lamatck's explanation of evolution dictated that change aoctunulated in individuals. compared to Darwin’s explanation that change occutred thmugh of a population. :_ individuals 01' exations c. fiemales :1. males 23. The aspect of evolution is that sorting of variation is by natural selection. don't .' B. on—t'andom I: hypothetical d. mythical 2f In an evolutionary tree, the splitting of lineages is equivalent to a. may b. speeiatit‘m c ogy rd ontology 25. In compamtive biology. nvergenoe ontology e reversals d. homoplasy dictates that similarity be themsult ofpgtttmon anoestty. ~-.__ 26. In binomial nomenclatme, the Coast Horned Lizard would be written coronamm Phrynosama coronatum c. Phrynosoma coronatuxn d. phlynosanm carommm R. Miller, in his rebuttal to Beltem'gues that otheruseful functions havebeen found for the - of complex biological machines. a. origins b. designs c. blueprints -@:omponents gs.’ What is the most basal li -a. latyhelminthes . Ctenophora c. Cnidaria d. Potifeta neage in theradiafion ofAnimalia? 29. The evidence of deep titne comes from both stratigraphy and ' a volcanic magnetism _ sedimentaty rock (gimiomem'c dating . comparative anatomy 26 Whichiis‘a synapomorphy that supports the formation of the taxon “EukatyaT' Judia] cleagave b. oxidative metabolism c. parasitism d. membrane~bound organelles h‘u Midterm Examl FormC 3 ]. Sponges lack a mouth. pharynx. and intestine lane b. false 32. Glass sponges (Hexaminellida) have spicules made from a. calcium mbonate ‘ icon abollagen d. calcium apatite %ome chomoflagellates an: which may be a precursor to mulfioellular life. Ignited?! ' aims!“ cm d. autogamous LLPéponges feed, breath, reproduce. and excrete by means of pumping through their body. a. detritus b. air " W Cyfl’fin some sponges. manners through ostia formed by ’ a. dioanocytes b. pmacocyles _ W Wytes 36. Because ofa spouse’s elaborate skeletal fiamework and often body. most potential predators don't like eating them. . a. soft. gelatinous b. nutrient-rid: . c; :11 lasting . unprotected 37. areoneof thckey features to the success of Cnidzm'a F cmatocysls . Mesoglmoores c. Collarcefls (L Asynmetrical body plus @nophores Inve sticky proteins on their tentacles secreted by a. colloblasts W W -_ idocytes 39. The large "true" jellyfish belong to the filydruma" mm yp gm Wcmdanmiamimge is allude and is similar in anatomyto Platyhelminthes. a. lanula L’éabyyorm cteepmg polyp bud (1. adult medusa Form C * Midterm Exam 1 ations of calcium carbonate produced by anthozoans and are among the most 41. are large form productive ecosystems in the world. W15 Moral {eds c. WWW d. Deep-seamlow m Protestomes have cell cleavage in early embryological development. fl 1‘ 3. 2r I:x...u‘:c’ '2 Han-.5 =_ --.'..a p. “ BEN}; ::.> ._ . ’ -.:~ H 60' mp {9 1 Ya, 43. The intermediate host of Trematoda (and Digenca) parasites is usually a - a. goat b. ml's intestine glinan -J,$snail /44./ has evolved in some marine flatwotms to signal piedators that they are distasteful. a. A singlesimp spine c. coolorafion d. Amarage 45- The Cestoda tapeworms are . a. Commensals b. Mutualistic c topamsites d dopaasites « 4§(fhe radula is in the more amestm] molluscs (e3. chitons) ‘f a. areproductive organ for producing gameres _ _ b. the tissue that produces the shell c. the feeding structure for grazing marine algae d. is the solitary tentacie 4773a this generalized mollusc. mum-0w points to the -—~"" 3. radula brake]; _ :57; " _,¢8{Nudibmmhs an: molluscs without shells. but have a defensive mechanism of ___,__. ' amematocysts acquired from their cnidarian diet b. calcareous spicules Wit! acquired from their diet of ants @poisonous setae 49. The highly modified head of a tapeworm is known as the Vprogiottid c; sucking organ d. clitellurn 50. The largest living invertebmte, reaching 18 mm. is the _______,______. - a. giant clam ‘—” ' W b. gimffe's tapeworm giant squid brain coral Midtmn Exam 1 Form C when alarmed, likely to distract their pin-sum. '9 \LI 9* \ “yaw-:1 body is twisted back on itselfby 180'—apmoess called -—-—-—....—......' a. deep-sea Illa-mad zone bWMoum Everest Webs! zone dfiashwatcrstmams oftheEastem United States. 9a m p I 9 7 $1 and tertglnclcs ofoephalopods are modifiedfmm the mollusc': ‘ uswlar out n. 56. The segmcnwd body of the Annelida allows for greater control of a. breathing . b smelling - ovum: healing Mb is a synapomoxphy for the annelid taxon Polychaeta? waxing reproduction. cardawonns use the a. pmpodia m c. b. cluellum d. hermaphrodism .56 earthworms, theciitellum is used during , a. reproduction @urmwing c. feeding d. fighting W that suck fluids from their hosts are oonsidaad . ‘ I to form cocoons foreggs. Form C ‘_ ' - MidtcrmExaml Q has from video Great Transformations ' shady evolved in lobefin fish '{Anmiotceggs d Eyelids 6?. In 133: fossil ma. Specimens that represent intermediate mmphologics mcalled whatypes . 'tional forms 4:. homologous forms 6. mythical aeatuues 6 ' s diversified at the. explosion; approximately 560 million years ago. a. Dcvonign 64. Geneticists mablc locausc in fruit flies by altering genes. inducing legs to grow from the head. \_ ormitis b. hybridizan'on c. duomosomal repetitio ns ¢ DNA replication 65.Humanhismryhasoanmedovcra paiodofdmgcompm'edtotheageofmeearthaudoriginoflifa a. vast b. long @hon d. limitleSS Questions from the SCREEN. .. 66.11manimalshownisinmetaxon_______fi___. 69.1‘heorganismsshownareinlhemon . a. Archea b. 13min woamflagellams 70.1'he ‘ shownareinthemon____________. orifua h. Cnidan'a c. thnophom d. Playtflufinlhes - MidlmnExaml FormC “mummimmmon 1w uwmwf- xii-m " ##shownisinzhetaxon b. Podfcm cmwm 3.1km shown is in the taxon @mmwm‘ b. Trematoda c. Monugenea Women 74. 'I‘hemflmals shown is in the taxon Mummies bMoliusca cL'Annelida d.-Cnida:ia 75.'Ihcanjmais shown an in thetaxon 3.099th b. Gastropoda c. Polyplacophma d. Bivalvia ANSWER KEYS ARE POSTED ON THE BLACKBOARD WEBSITE READ: 71) Mark your answers on the test booklet as well. 2) Tum in your ParScore form. . . kocp your test booklet. 3) Include the Form latter on your ParScore (A, B, C, D). 4) Include the Exam Number on your ParScore (001-205). M“ Midterm Exam 1 7 Form A 71. The animals shown are in the taxon “Porifera” . Platyhelminthes c. Cnidaria d. Ctenophora 72. The organisms shown are in the taxon Bacteria Choanoflagellates c. Animalia d. “Arches” 73. The animals shown are in the taxon a. Cephalopoda b. Gastropoda c. Polypiacophora Bivalvia Special Fm earth“ 74. The animals shown are in the union Young Earth Young Earth Creationism I I ‘5“3~‘¢;‘8:$ €;-5il5g%6' fiflwfififlnfififlNfiflfiflfiffifié'tfifil‘fifi>2“‘1"iéfl . eu ros mm 9 c. Vertebrate $99 51- ECdysozoa ' Day-Age Creationism 75. The animal shown is in the taxon . ngnflin emu“ ? :- (éephalopgda Old " l Thaistic Evolution . astropo a Polyplacophora Evolution Atheism: Evolution . Bivalvia Extra Credit: 76. The leading proponents of Intelligent Design are poorly educated antievolutionists c. religious monks :1. Las Vegas magicians 77. Kenneth R. Miller, in his rebuttal to Behe, argues that other useful functions have been found for the of complex biological machines. a origins b. designs blueprints c components 78. Intelligent Design differs from Creation Science in that it allows for small changes in species and speciation occurs in punctuated steps _ - the earth is older than 6,000 years c. evolution is the central principle :1. that natural selection is responsible for adaptations 79. In the Creation-Evolution continuum, the most extreme creationists believe that ______,____, thus rejecting both the physical and biological sciences. :1. evolution is a work of God . the earth is billions of years old the earth is flat (1. evolution is valid for other life forms 80. Eugenie Scott, from the N ationa] Center for Science Education, believes that is a re- packaged form of creationism. ' evolution intelligent design c. young-earth advocacy (1. natural selection Midterm Exam 1 51. The common larval type of Molluscs and Annelids is the . a. cercaria b. strobila c. cocoon Cg) trochophore 52. What is the problem with torsion? a. rovides a space for the head to retract ( ouling c. makes the overall body plan more compact d. circulatory system has kinks 53. Chitons typically live in the rocky a. deep-sea thermal zone b. slopes of Mount Everest intertidal zone . freshwater streams of the Eastern United States. 54. In the Nautilus, gas produced by the tissue diffuses into their chambers to hell) regulate buoyancy. @ siphuncle . gametes c. feces d. sediment 55. Octopuses expel a cloud of when alarmed, likely to distract their pursuers. mk . gametes c. feces c1. sediment S6. Nudibranchs are molluscs without shells, but have a defensive mechanism of @nematocysts acquired from their cnidarian diet calcareous spicules c. formic acid acquired from their diet of ants d. poisonous setae 57. The segmented body of the Annelida allows for greater control of a. breathing . smelling @ movement ' . hearing parapodia . clitellum c. superficial annuli d. hermaphrodism Siléhich is considered a synapomorphy for the annelid taxon Polychaeta? reproduction . burrowing c. feeding d. fighting 59. earthworms, the clitellum is used during 60. Leeches have a muscular to help suck fluids from their hosts. a. salutary gland b. posterior sucker c. tooth pharynx Midterm Exam 1 Form A 31. Animalia originated around 900 million years ago, but only became prevalent in the fossil record after the at about 570 million years ago. a. Jurassic period b. Pleistocene c Archean eon @Cambrian explosion 32. Some of the evidence for endosymbiosis, includes the separate DNA molecules in a. vacuoles b. flagellum @mitochnndria d. endoplasmic reticulum 33. Which is a synapomorphy that supports the formation of the taxon Eukarya? a. radial cleagave b. oxidative metabolism c parasitism @ membrane-bound organelles 34. Glass sponges (Hexactinellida) have spicules made from a. calcium carbonate C? silicon . collagen d. calcium apatite velocity , salinity c. temperature (I. clarity 35. nge size is strongly correlated with water 36. Because of a sponge’s elaborate skeletal framework and often body, most potential predators don’t like eating them. a. soft, gelatinous b. nutrient—rich @foul tasting . unprotected 37. e Cnidarian larval stage is called a and is similar in anatomy to Platyhelminthes. planula . baby worm c. creeping polyp bud (1. adult medusa 38. In Ctenophores, colloblasts secrete a substance on their tentacles. a. slippery b. stinging hiny @ticky 39. Nematocysts are able to fire with incredible speeds because the cell is a. packed full of spicules under extreme torsion highly pressurized . filled with chemical explosives 40. are large formations of calcium carbonate produced by anthozoans and are among the most productive ecosystems in the world. Rainforests Coral reefs . The Hawaiian islands d. Deep-sea sulfur vents Midterm Exam 1 Form A 11. A scientific theory is different from a hypothesis, because the theory is a. mere speculation very powerful at explaining a large variety of related phenomena c. a guess (.1. based on very little data l2. Biological sciences that investigate proximate causes are called because they use tests that involve disturbances and controls. «Fa. comparative sciences b. evolutionary sciences experimental sciences . physical sciences 13. encompasses two important principles: (1) laws of physics and chemistry remain cons nt; and (2) past geological events occurred by natural processes similar to those observed today. @Uniformitarianism . Transformationism c. Acquired Inheritance d. Steady State Theory fossil record . cellular structure c. speciation d. lineage of an organism 14§e best evidence for perpetual change comes from the 15. What key idea of Darwin‘s thinking came from his reading of an essay by T. R. Malthus? a. the earth is 70,000 years old ' @ struggle for existence when there is overpopulation c. genetic drift d. life comes from life 16. The _________'____ component of evolution occurs when natural selection removes certain traits from the population due to the organism’s reduced fitness. @nonrandom . random 17. are large-scale events that are categorized as a mevolutionary. a. Changes in the frequency of traits b. Sex traits being selected c. Losses of genetic variation (9 Mass extinctions 18. Speciation that results from the evolution of populations separated by geographic barriers is known as a. adaptive radiation allopatric speciation . heterochrony d. ontogeny 19. Variable traits are selected against when is reduced. a. mortality survivorship fitness . predation 20. Darwin was greatly influenced by his trip to abroad the HMS Beagle. a. Australia . b. Africa c Malaysia South America ...
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/15/2008 for the course BILD 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '06 term at UCSD.

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Biol101 f06 midterm exam1 - _ Midterm Exam 1 F011“ A...

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