HIST 2023- PART 1

HIST 2023- PART 1 - The first substantial talk dealing with...

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9/8/05 ▪ The first substantial talk dealing with the Soviet Union, The Non-Proliferation Treaty, was signed on July 1, 1968. Six weeks later, on the 21 st of August, they would begin SALT, Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. The idea was not to come to agreement about the weapons; it was to limit the number of weapons. On the 20 th , the Soviet Union sent troops into Czechoslovakia. They had been making strides toward freedom, and trying to escape Soviet control. ▪ The U.S. said they could not hold these talks with the Soviet Union under these conditions. In 1968, R.M. Nixon, who had been VP under Eisenhower, was elected President. People thought he was finished because in 1962, he ran for governor of California and lost. He blamed the loss on the fact that the press hated him, and he called a news conference to announce what he would do. He said he was leaving politics. Then, in 1964, the Republicans ran Goldwater. He was a breath of fresh air in American politics because he said exactly what he thought wherever he thought it. He went down in a disastrous defeat. Nixon immediately saw an opportunity, and by 1968, he won the election for the Republicans. The Democrats ran H.H. Humphrey. C.C. Wallace also ran. ▪Having won, he set out to do what he did best, which was foreign policy. His main opposition for the Republican nomination was N. Rockefeller. He has as his advisor a Harvard professor of History. When he saw that Nixon was going to win, Rockefeller asked if he wanted him for this cabinet. This man was H.A. Kissinger, and he was named the National Security Advisor. ▪The two men worked very closely together. The first task Nixon assigned Kissinger was to prepare for the SALT talks. During the 1968 campaign, Nixon declared that it was his objective to restore to the U.S. “clear cut military superiority.” When he used that term, he knew he was telling a lie because he knew that superiority in number of weapons is not military superiority. As soon as the election was over, he began using different language. He began using the term Nuclear Sufficiency. Before long, Sufficiency was replaced by Parity (relationship of equals). ▪Kissinger’s first task was to use all of the American Intelligence to build the following list of weapons: 1. ICBM’s- can be launched halfway around the world 2. SLBM- submarine launched ballistic missiles- it is released from under the water; doesn’t even have to surface. They cannot be targeted quite as accurately. The size of the warhead is generally smaller than the ones carried on ICBM’s. 3. MB (man bomber)- they can be recalled, and they may be shot down. 1964 1969 U.S. USSR U.S. USSR ▪ 285 ▪35 ICBM ▪1,045 ▪1,510 ▪112 ▪0 SLBM ▪656 ▪440 ▪639 ▪100 MB ▪520 ▪140 ▪1,036 ▪135 LAUNCHERS ▪ 2,230 ▪2,090 LAUNCERS
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▪Obtaining these numbers was not easy. Intelligence was able to get pictures from satellites using HK-11’s. These pictures were extremely accurate and clear. ▪ICBM’s are always underground in silos. It is pretty easy to count the silos, but you have
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HIST 2023- PART 1 - The first substantial talk dealing with...

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