Behavioral.Evolutionary Perspective

Behavioral.Evolutionary Perspective - Behavioral and...

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Behavioral and Evolutionary Perspectives Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Evolutionary Psychology
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Classical Conditioning Creator: Ivan Pavlov ( Pavlovian Conditioning, Respondent conditioning, S-R Psychology ) "Essentially, only one thing in life is of real interest to us - our psychical experience. Its mechanism, however, was and still is shrouded in profound obscurity.“ _______________________________________________________________________ Basic Elements: Unconditioned Stimulus ( US ): Elicits a reflexive response in the absence of learning. Unconditioned response ( UR ): Reflexive response elicited by a stimulus in the absence of learning. Conditioned stimulus ( CS ): Initially neutral stimulus that comes to elicit a conditioned response after being associated with an US . Conditioned response ( CR ): Response that is elicited by a CS. Occurs after the CS is associated with a US .
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Classical Conditioning
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Extinction: Weakening and eventual disappearance of a learned response, it occurs when the conditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the unconditioned stimulus. Spontaneous recovery: Reappearance of a learned response after its apparent extinction. Higher-order conditioning: Procedure in which a neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus through association with an already established conditioned stimulus. Stimulus generalization: Tendency to respond to a stimulus that resembles one involved in the original conditioning Similar CS elicits the CR. Stimulus discrimination:
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This note was uploaded on 05/06/2008 for the course PSYC 230 taught by Professor Rose during the Spring '08 term at Collin College.

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Behavioral.Evolutionary Perspective - Behavioral and...

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