Ch01_02_03 Final_B

Ch01_02_03 Final_B - Introduction to Introduction to...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Introduction to Econometrics Econometrics The Statistical Analysis of Economic (and related) Data 2 Brief Overview of the Course Economics suggests important relationships, often with policy implications, but virtually never suggests quantitative magnitudes of causal effects. What is the quantitative effect of reducing class size on student achievement? How does another year of education change earnings? What is the price elasticity of cigarettes? What is the effect on output growth of a 1 percentage point increase in interest rates by the Fed? What is the effect on housing prices of environmental improvements? 3 This course is about using data to measure causal effects. Ideally, we would like an experiment what would be an experiment to estimate the effect of class size on standardized test scores? But almost always we only have observational (nonexperimental) data. returns to education cigarette prices monetary policy Most of the course deals with difficulties arising from using observational to estimate causal effects confounding effects (omitted factors) simultaneous causality correlation does not imply causation 4 In this course you will: Learn methods for estimating causal effects using observational data Learn some tools that can be used for other purposes, for example forecasting using time series data; Focus on applications theory is used only as needed to understand the whys of the methods; Learn to evaluate the regression analysis of others this means you will be able to read/understand empirical economics papers in other econ courses; Get some hands-on experience with regression analysis in your problem sets. 5 Review of Probability and Statistics (SW Chapters 2, 3) Empirical problem: Class size and educational output Policy question: What is the effect on test scores (or some other outcome measure) of reducing class size by one student per class? By 8 students/class? We must use data to find out (is there any way to answer this without data?) 6 The California Test Score Data Set All K-6 and K-8 California school districts ( n = 420) Variables: 5 P th P grade test scores (Stanford-9 achievement test, combined math and reading), district average Student-teacher ratio (STR) = no. of students in the district divided by no. full-time equivalent teachers 7 Initial look at the data: (You should already know how to interpret this table) This table doesnt tell us anything about the relationship between test scores and the STR . 8 Do districts with smaller classes have higher test scores? Scatterplot of test score v. student-teacher ratio What does this figure show? 9 We need to get some numerical evidence on whether districts with low STRs have higher test scores but how?...
View Full Document

Page1 / 63

Ch01_02_03 Final_B - Introduction to Introduction to...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online