Unformatted text preview: mating Health Benefits
When examining a specific pollution-reduction option (such as changing gasoline composition) regulators may estimate the reduction in health effects that are expected, and the value to society of avoiding those health problems. As a society, we pay for the health effects of air pollution in many ways. Additional health care costs for the treatment of these effects may come from any of the following: hospital admissions, visits to the emergency room or doctor's office, homecare service, medication such as inhalers for asthma. Other considerations include lost productivity in the workplace, lost wages due to sick time, out of pocket expenses incurred while ill (e.g., additional child care costs), and, finally lost quality of life or life itself. Steps in Estimating Health Benefits Baseline gasoline composition and changes to composition Changes in ambient air Changes in concentrations of pollutants health effects Combustion of gasoline in vehicles and subsequent changes in exhaust emissions Changes in human exposure Value of health benefits A recent study examined the economic value of reducing the health effects of air pollution by introducing cleaner vehicles and fuels in Canada. This study found that the economic value of avoiding these health effects was $24 billion over a period of 24 years, compared to a cost of $6 billion to implement the program. This methodology has been used by Health Canada and Environment Canada in a number of initiatives to examine the benefits of control measures. To see an example of this process access the Sulphur in Gasoline Study at execsum_e.htm __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ http://www.ec.gc.ca/energ/fuels/reports/final_sulphur/ How to Help Prevent Air Pollution
By eHow Health Editor Rate: (158 Ratings) Ground-level ozone and smog can form when cars and household products create unhealthy emissions, making the air more dangerous to breathe. You can help cut down on air pollution by making simple changes in your daily life. Instructions
Difficulty: Easy Step1 Consider alternative means of transportation, such as walking or bicycling. Or, try carpooling or telecommuting. Step2 If you...
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This note was uploaded on 05/06/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Joe during the Spring '08 term at Waubonsee.
- Spring '08