Psy101 psychology s07 exam1

Psy101 psychology s07 exam1 - Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE...

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Unformatted text preview: Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The scientific method is a A) complex mathematical analysis procedure. B) technique that guarantees the result will be true. C) set of rules for how to conduct good experiments. ) D systematic method for gathering information. 2) In the survey method, the problem of refers to difficulty in getting a large enough group of people that is representative of the larger population. A) definition. B) sampling. C) accessibility. D) correlation. 3) Which of the following is an example of an active studying technique? A) listening to a lecture without taking notes B) visualizing an example of a concept after reading abOut it in the text C) D) reading each chapter straight through having your favorite music playing when you study 4) Psychologists tend to view mental events as A) mind processes. B) cognitive processes. C) mental processes. D) behavioral processes. 5) The presence of a variable makes it difficult to conclude that the independent variable was not influenced or compromised. A) confounding B) dependent C) random D) systematic 6) Being skeptical, keeping an open mind, and not jumping to conclusions are characteristics of A) critical thinking. B) dispositional attribution. C) a negative approach to life. D) psychoanalytical thinking. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 14) The human brain is different front a (‘nmpntnr l‘mr‘mmn A) it analyzes information using a serial method rather than a parallel method. B) its performance rate is slower for more complex tasks. C) it can receive, store, and retrieve information. D) it analyzes information in different ways simultaneously rather than one step at a time. 15) Cells within our bodies that are Specialized for the tasks of receiving, transmitting, and processing information are called A) endocrine cells. B) neurons. C) glial cells. D) ganglion cells. 16) The region at which the axon terminals closely approach other cells is known as the A) sensitive area. B) action potential. C) synapse. D) antagonist. 17) Endorphins are chemicals in the brain that produce effects similar to A) marijuana. B) LSD. C) caffeine. D) analgesics. 18) A motor area that functions to orchestrate muscular activities so that they occur in a synchronized fashion is A) the cerebellum. B) Wemicke's area. C) the hypothalamus. D) the amygdala. 19) The word CARGO is shown to a split—brain individual so that the first three letters are transmitted to the right hemisphere and the last two to the left hemisphere. When asked to point to the related picture with his left hand, the person would most likely point to the picture of A) an automobile. B) a green traffic light. C) an arrow. D) a stack of boxes being loaded on a truck. 20) The is the brain structure that plays a very important role in the regulation of the autonomic nervous system and a role in eating and drinking. A) thalamus B) hypothalamus. C) pituitary gland D) pons 21) Patients who have Alzheimer's disease often have low levels of ; interference with this neurotransmitter can cause paralysis. A) dopamine B) pyrodoxine C) acetylcholine D) serotonin 22) When the power goes out, we are best able to identify objects by touch in the dark when we A) use unusual skin surfaces, such as our elbows. B) concentrate on one type of skin receptor. C) actively explore them with our fingertips. D) press them deeply and firmly into our skin. 15) 16) 17) 13) 19) 20) 21) 22) 31) A state of consciousness in which we focus our attention inward, upon ourselves, is called A) self—consciousness. C) self—discerning. B) self—awareness. D) self-monitoring. 32) After several years of heavy drinking, Sam has developed a tolerance for alcohol. This means that Sam has to drink A) in stages C) more 33) Dreams result from random neural activity of the brain according to the A) behavioral B) cognitive in order to achieve his desired altered state of consciousness. B) less D) the same amount View. C) physiological D) psychodynamic 34) We cannot rely on informal observation as a basis for valid conclusions about behavior because A) such observation is subject to many potential sources of bias. B such observation gets its validity from many independent confirmations. ) C) such observation has no basis in reality. ) D such observation is reducible to one subjective statement. 35) The major strength of the experimental method is that it allows us to A) measure more than one variable at a time. B) draw cause-and-effect conclusions. C) measure variables more objectively. ) D calculate positive and negative correlations. 36) Which of the following is an important strength of questionnaires? A) Showing cause-and-effect relationships between variables. B) Collecting a large amount of information fairly easily. C) Learning that people have lied in filling out the survey. D) Finding out how people actually behave in real life. 37) Your high school guidance counselor sends you a questionnaire to complete about many of your high school experiences. The counselor indicates that the questionnaire has been sent to all graduates within the last ten years. In all likelihood, your counselor is using which of the following methods? A) survey method C) case study method 13) double—blind method D) naturalistic observation method 31) 32) 33) 34) 35) 36) 37) 46) Twin studies are useful in disentangling the relative roles of in a given form of behavior. A) cognitive and emotional factors B) cognitive and conative factors C) genetic and environmental factors D) social and individual factors 4'?) Without sensory adaptation, which of the following would be the most likely result? A) Problems with balance and motor coordination, particularly in children. B) Difficulty interpreting the meaning of socially important stimuli like faces. C) An inability to get used to such constant stimuli as the pressure of our shoes. D) An extreme tendency to overreact to even the slightest stimulation. 48) Individuals who suffer from sleep apnea A fall down suddenly and unexpectedly. B have night terrors that result in arousal and fear, but they cannot recall their dreams. ) ) C) walk in their sleep ) D stop breathing while they are sleeping, causing them to frequently wake up. 49) The two key steps in conducting experimental research are the systematic alteration of a variable and A) careful measurement of the variable's effects. B) careful naturalistic observation. C) a negative relationship between the two variables. D) a positive relationship between the two variables. 50) A research strategy frequently used to assess the relative importance of genetic and environmental factors in human behavior A) requires that a longitudinal method be used. B) relies on comparisons of differences of behaviors between grandparents and their grandchildren. C) compares similarities and differences of monozygotic and dizygotic twins. D) requires manipulation of strands of DNA. 46) 47) 48) 49) 50) 23) The quality of a sound reSulting from the complexity of a sound wave that helps us to distinguish the sound of a trumpet from a saxophone is called A) timbre. B) pitch. C) saturation. D) prosopagnosia. 24) Subliminal perception is perception that takes place A) when there is no physical stimulus. B) automatically, without conscious intention. C) below the level of conscious awareness. D) in the highest levels of the brain. 25) The amount of change in a stimulus that is necessary for a person to notice that change is referred to as the A) difference threshold B) absolute threshold C) detection threshold D) noticeable threshold 26) Which one of these statements about taste is NOT true? A) The stereochemical theory suggests that humans often have a difficult time distinguishing between tastes. B) Humans have about 10,000 taste buds that contain several receptor cells each. C) There are only four basic tastes: sweet, salt, sour, and bitter D) Other sensations such as temperature and smell can influence perceptions of taste. 2'?) The process of is defined as the way in which we select, organize, and interpret sensory input to achieve a grasp of our surroundings. D) sensation B) kinesthesia C) attention A) perception 28) are critical components of the sensory system used to maintain our sense of balance. A) Papillae and epithelial cells B) Prototypes and exemplars C) Simplex and complex cells D) Vestibular sacs and semi—circular canals 29) A condition that involves extremely frightening dreamlike experiences that occur during non-REM sleep is called A) somambuiism. B) apnea. C) night terrors. D) narcolepsy. 30) A problem associated with using barbiturates for sleep disorders is that they tend to A) increase the likelihood of night dreaming. B) decrease the likelihood of somnambulism. C) increase REM sleep. D) decrease REM sleep. 23) 24) 25) 26) 27) 28) 29) 30) 7) Which of the following statements is NOT true? A) Psychologists have always believed that culture, ethnicity, and racial heritage play a significant role in human behavior. B) According to 2000 census data, 33% of the US. population identifies themselves as an ethnicity or race other than white. C) The multicultural perspective recognizes the potential importance of gender, age, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability, socioeconomic status, religious orientation, and other social/cultural dimensions have on human psychology. D) An individual's culture, ethnicity, and racial heritage often plays a role in self-identity, which can influence behavior. 8) The procedure used to reduce the possibility that differences in experimental subjects' performance are due to the differences that subjects brought with them into the experiment is A) random assignment. B) confound assessment. C) experimental assignment. D) bias reduction. 9) The perspective emphasizes the study of thinking, remembering, and decision making. A) evolutionary B) behavioral C) cognitive. D) psychodynamic 10) The four essential components of the scientific method are A) intuition, objectivity, accuracy, open-mindedness. B) accuracy, objectivity, skepticism, open-mindedness. C) objectivity, training, skepticism, external validity. D) accuracy, creativity, internal validity, objectivity. 11) The availability heuristic is based on the idea that when it is to recall information, we tend to it. C) harder; dismiss D) easier; dismiss A) harder; accept B) easier; accept 12) An experiment can be considered a way to tell whether manipulations of the variable have an effect on measurements of the variable. A) control; correlational B) independent; dependent C) correlational; control D) dependent; independent 13) Damage to the Wernicke's area of the brain produces an A) inability to recognize written words, understand the meaning of those words, or write those words on paper. B) inability to recognize spoken words, understand the meaning of those words, or convert thoughts into words. C) inability to recognize spoken words, understand the meaning of those words, or write those words on paper. D) inability to recognize written words, pronounce those words, or convert thoughts into words. 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) it is more likely that the 38) If the effects of a neurotransmitter on the next neuron are # it is less likely that the neuron neuron will fire; if the effects of a neurotransmitter are will fire. A) excitatory; inhibitory B) instantaneous; excitatory C) instantaneous; inhibitory D) inhibitory; excitatory 39) The parts of the brain located at the sides of the head near the ears are called the A) occipital lobes. B) temporal lobes. C) parietal lobes. D) frontal lobes. 40) The evolutionary perspective suggests that we inherit which will be enhanced by environmental factors. A) behavioral predispositions B) emotional characteristics C) specific patterns of behavior D) psychological potentials 41) Which of the following is NOT a basic taste for humans? B) Salt. C) Mint. D) Bitter. A) Sweet. 42) Sensation is defined as A) input about the physical world provided by our sensory receptors. B) reduced sensitivity to unchanging stimuli over time. C) the process through which we select, organize, and interpret input from our sensory receptors. D) the translation of physical energy into chemical signals by axon terminals. 43) If the social-cognitive view of hypnotism is correct, then a person who has never heard of hypnosis should be A) easier to hypnotize, but harder to wake from the hypnotic state. B) made very anxious or depressed by the procedure. C) practically impossible to hypnotize. D) highly susceptible to the hypnotist's suggestions. 44) Most people spend more time than they spend in any other daily activity. A) sleeping B) problem solving C) fantasizing D) daydreaming 45) In a piece of research, the sample is the group of people who A) have the usual value of the independent variable. B) have the manipulated value of the independent variable. C) give the researcher the expected pattern of results. D) are assumed to represent the rest of the population. 38) 39) 40) 41) 42) 43) 44) 45) ...
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/15/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Graham during the Spring '07 term at UCSD.

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Psy101 psychology s07 exam1 - Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE...

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