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Running Head: China’s History 1
China’s History 2China as a country boasts of a long and rich history profound in ancient civilization. Like many other great civilizations, China traces its culture from a blend of small tribes that expandedto become the nation that exists today. One of the oldest dynasties in China is Xia Dynasty (Britannica, 2013). China had many dynasties that followed including the Sui dynasty, Tang Dynasty and Song dynasty that we are going to discuss in this paper. China long history has produced some exceedingly eminent personalities in emperors and philosophers who contributeda lot to the enrichment and development of the whole nation. This paper illustrates some of the changes in political, economic and social aspects that occurred in China during the Sui, Tang andSong dynasties.Sui DynastyThe Sui dynasty existed in 581-618 under the noble leadership of Yang Jian also known as Sui Wendi through his reign title. Jian established the dynasty’s capital in Chang’an while extending his authority to the rest of China. Before his reign, China was experiencing a lot of internal unrest and division but Yang Jian was dedicated to unifying the dynasty (Duiker & Spiel,2009). Yang Jian used religions such as Buddhism and Daoism to unite the dynasty by founding monasteries in the capital and appointing Buddhist leaders as political advisers. Due to this unification the dynasty became more stable and peaceful encouraging economic and political development. The agricultural acreage increased significantly boosting the dynasty’s yield and creating income sources for many. In Luoyang there were major changes with introduction of policies such as equal division of land (Juntian) and tax moderation systems (Zutiao). There was a new political system in the form of three departments and the six ministries. This enhanced the royal power as well as detailed the courts work division. The traditional nine rank official