Nazi Germany - Modern Europe. Term Paper: Dr. Sabina Donati...

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Modern Europe. Dr. Sabina Donati Term Paper: German Nazism and the rise of Hitler By Numa Pigelet Thursday, February 27 th
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“Anyone who sees and paints a sky green and fields blue ought to be sterilized.” (Adolf Hitler, 6 th Nuremberg rally, 1934) Within this very simple and quite outstanding statement lies the madness of any totalitarian regime. This paper is based this ideology called National-Socialism or more often Nazism. In order to understand the rise of Nazism, and of a character such as Hitler, it is necessary to explain the background of the previous years. The First World War, or the Great War, has clearly led Europe in the most favorable situation for totalitarian regimes. The economic situation was disastrous, the 1929 crash didn’t ad up anything. Germany was struggling with hyperinflation. Merely all empires and kingdom of Europe had disappeared, so did all statehood identity. All military that had fought during the First World War were completely disappointed by the fact that their action turned out to be completely useless. The goal of this paper is to explain clearly the basis of the Nazi ideology. This will be done first be examination of the fundamentals of German Nazism, and examination of its ideas. Then in a second part, we will look at how this ideology has been applied and quite successful through the rise of one man: Adolf Hitler. 2
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As an introduction to this first part, I would like to redefine clearly the Nazism doctrine in Europe, before, in the core of my first part, explaining the German configuration of Nazism, and explaining the concept of the German nation. Without a doubt, the European features within Nazism a really present and meant to be specified. This is true especially because Nazi ideas have been circulating through the continent since the end of the XIX the century. Whether it’s anti-Semitism or racism, from social Darwinism to eugenics of the Aryan race, all these ideas clearly brake with the humanism of the enlightment period, in order to shape a new human race that would be divided into closed and ordered communities and, as such, opened to radical cleaning measures. (Kershaw, first chapter) “The core concept of Nazism is that the German Volk is under attack from a judeo- bolshevist conspiracy” (Kershaw, first chapter) In this turmoil and economic chaos that were the 1930s, everyone was looking for responsibility and who to blame. At this time, there has already been a wave of pogrom towardsthe Jews in Europe, especially in USSR. The idea of a world Zionist plot was very trendy, and anti-Semitic ideas from books such as the protocols of the elder learners of Zion. were circulating in the political spheres of Europe. This said, and to quench the thirst o revenge in the German people, the Nazi ideology found a guilty: the Jew. It is important to specify that hatred is really powerful when wanting to install a
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This note was uploaded on 05/06/2008 for the course HIST 2220 taught by Professor Donati during the Spring '07 term at Webster University Geneva.

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Nazi Germany - Modern Europe. Term Paper: Dr. Sabina Donati...

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