The Middle East has always been an area of great tension. Whether it’s political or
religious, or for any other reasons, this place of the world has seen a lot of conflict.
During the cold war, the world is permanently under pressure, the world is on the edge of
breaking into a global conflict at any time.
The two main protagonists having realized that a direct contact would lead to a
mutually assured destruction, the world have seen during about 40 years, the accumulation of
what can be called “indirect war” meaning that the ideologies would fight each other, but not
in the hands of the two leaders of the world at that time, The Soviet union, and the United
states Of America. During the war both of these superpowers went trough two
administrations, Brejnev and Gorbatchev for the Soviet Union, and Carter and Reagan for the
Regarding the unstable situation during this period, a lot of revolutions occurred, as
consequences of indirect conflicts, or coups d’etats, sponsored by one of the two blocks, in
order to destabilize the other.
Often, these revolutions led to conflicts, and theses conflicts were of course a source of
involvement for both blocks, Where possibilities of expanding their influence zone, or
encouraging more countries on taking their side.
The two counties involved her are Iran and Iraq, and the event is the war that occurred
in between these two countries during 8 years, form September 1980 to august 1988. This
conflict is yet known as the longest war of the 20
century after World War 2.
Iranians refer to this war as the “imposed war”(
, in Persian) whereas on the Iraqi
side, this conflicts is more often referred to as “Saddam’s Qādisiyyah”
(in Arabic :
) the word “Qādisiyyah” is referring to a battle during the Muslim
conquest of Persia. Nowadays, Most Muslims refer to this conflict as the First gulf war.
The relations between these two neighbor countries have never been really peaceful.