psych prelim - 1. Correlational research is most useful for...

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1. Correlational research is most useful for purposes of: A) explanation. B) prediction. C) control. D) replication. 2. After they had first agreed to display a 3-inch “Be a Safe Driver” sign, California home owners were highly likely to permit the installation of a very large and unattractive “Drive Carefully” sign in their front yards. This best illustrates: A) the mere exposure effect. B) the foot-in-the-door phenomenon. C) the fundamental attribution error. D) social facilitation. E) deindividuation. 3. The fundamental attribution error refers to our tendency to underestimate the impact of ________ and to overestimate the impact of ________ in explaining the behavior of others. A) normative influences; informational influences B) informational influences; normative influences C) personal dispositions; situational influences D) situational influences; personal dispositions 4. The presence of others ________ a person's performance on well-learned tasks and ________ a person's performance on unmastered tasks. A) improves; has no effect on B) hinders; improves
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C) has no effect on; hinders D) improves; hinders E) improves; improves 5. When college women were dressed in Ku Klux Klan-style hoods, they demonstrated significantly more aggression. This finding is best explained in terms of: A) social facilitation. B) modeling. C) groupthink. D) deindividuation. 6. Former Psych 101 student Harry Chapin wrote and performed "Flowers Are Red" (as shown in lecture) to demonstrate the importance of _______ in order to overcome undue influences on critical thinking and behavior. A. encouraging creativity B. obeying authority C. conformity to group pressure D. making friends E. paying more attention to nature 7. In laboratory experiments, merely observing someone receive painful electric shocks leads viewers to think less of the victim. This reaction is best explained in terms of: A) the just-world phenomenon. B) the bystander effect. C) the scapegoat theory. D) the mere exposure effect.
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8. What determined whether college freshmen who had been randomly paired for a Welcome Week dance liked each other? A) similarity in attitudes B) similarity in intelligence C) physical attractiveness D) self-disclosure skills E) all of the above 9. Ego is to id as ________ is to ________. A) personality; collective unconscious B) morality; biology C) life instinct; death instinct D) reality principle; pleasure principle 10. According to Freud, boys are most likely to experience the Oedipus complex during the ________ stage. A) anal B) phallic C) oral D) latency
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11. Compared to subconscious information processing, conscious information processing is relatively ________ and especially effective for solving ________ problems. A) fast; novel
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psych prelim - 1. Correlational research is most useful for...

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