C181 Study Guide with answers - C181 Study Guide Chapter...

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C181 Study Guide Chapter 1 *Knowledge of the e-text Flashcards is strongly encouraged. 1. What is sovereignty and how is it threatened in our globalized world? Each national government has the right to govern its people as it wishes, without interference from other nations. If the majority of nations thinks a country is being ruled unethically, world sanctions can be ordered. 2. What are the fundamental values of American democracy? Order, freedom, and Equality - How are these values show in the two dilemmas of government? o Freedom vs. Order: Sometimes order is needed to have freedoms. o Freedom vs. Equality: Sometimes equality is a problem and hurts the freedom of others; such as, equal pay. 3. How do equality of opportunity, equality of outcome and political equality differ? Give some examples. Equality of Opportunity: Same chance to succeed (education, employment) Equality of Outcome: Same out come for work (equal pay) or Healthcare Political Equality: The right to vote or run for office 4. What are the major purposes of government and which is most controversial? Order, Freedom, and Equality for all. Order is the most controversial because you have to give up some freedoms to maintain order. 5. Using Figure 1.1 explain the corresponding relationships between the political (e.g., libertarian, communitarian) and economic theories, and ideologies (e.g., capitalism, socialism). (*This Chart will expand as you type in it.) Political Theories: Correspond to which Economic Theory? Correspond to which Political Ideology? Why? Anarchism Libertarianism Liberalism Totalitarianism 6. Using Figure 1.2 fill out the differences between liberal, conservative, communitarian, & libertarian views on Freedom, Order, Equality, & Government. (*This Chart will expand as you type in it.) Liberal Conservative Communitarian Libertarian Freedom 1
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Order Equality Government 7. How do the terms libertarianism, liberalism and liberals differ? -In what ways are these terms similar? Chapter 2 *Knowledge of the e-text Flashcards is strongly encouraged. 1. What are the types of ‘Direct Democracy’? Direct means the citizens make the choices by voting on laws, taxes and other issues. 2. What is ‘Indirect Democracy’ or Representative Democracy? Indirect or Representative means the ones we vote for represent for the people. 3. What are the basic concepts of Majoritarian democracy (Majoritarianism)? The majority rules (Everyone votes, but what most people want, win the vote). 4. What are the basic concepts of Pluralist democracy (Pluralism)? Interest groups stand for what a certain group of people want. They vote for laws and what should be done on the behalf of others. 5. How does “Elite Theory” differ from the Majoritarian and Pluralist models? The view that a small group of people actually makes most of the important government decisions and not the Majoritarian or the Pluralist groups.
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