SOC101 f07 Schlereth Final Exam Study Guides

SOC101 f07 Schlereth Final Exam Study Guides - Study guide...

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Unformatted text preview: Study guide for Chapter 12 Sociology The Family Family- A social institution found in all societies that unites people in cooperative groups to care for one another, including any children Extended Family- a family composed of parents and children as well as other kin Also called consanguine family Includes everyone with shared blood Nuclear Family- a family composed of one or two parents and their children Also called conjugal family Kinship Group a social bond based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption Polygamy- marriage that unites a person with two or more spouses Permitted by many lower-income nations Two forms Polygyny (most common) o A form of marriage that unites one man and two or more women Polyandry o Unites one woman and two or more men Extremely rare and is found in Tibet Monogamy- marriage that unites two partners Permitted by law in higher-income nations Patrilocality- place of the father Married couples living with or near the husbands family Preindustrial Societies Matrilocality- place of mother Couples living with or near the wifes family North American Iroquois Neolocality- New place Married couples live apart from both sets of parents Industrial societies typically follow this Patrilineal Descent- Traces kinship through males, so that property flows from father to sons Matrilineal Descent- People define only the mothers side as kind and property passes from mothers to daughters Bilateral Descent- Children recognize people on both the fathers side and the mothers side of the family as relatives Functions of Family: Structural Functional Analysis Family sometimes called the backbone of society 1. Socialization 2. Regulation of sexual activity o Incest taboo- a norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives 3. Social placement- material and emotional security Inequality and family: social-conflict and feminist analysis Considers family as central to our way of life Points how family perpetuates inequality Property and inheritance Patriarchy (rule of fathers!) Race and ethnicity Critical review Friedrich Engels Family criticized as part and parcel of capitalism Noncapitalist societies also have families and family problems Family may be links to social inequality but it carries out societal functions not easily accomplished by other means Constructing family life: Micro-level analysis The Symbolic-Interaction Approach o Family offers opportunity for intimacy o Build emotional bonds o Parenting are authority figures The Social-Exchange Approach Describes courtship and marriage as forms of negation Dating allows the assessment of advantages and disadvantages of a potential spouse Terms of exchange are converging for men and women Homogamy- *** o marriage between people with the same social characteristics (the same...
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Ima during the Fall '03 term at UCSD.

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SOC101 f07 Schlereth Final Exam Study Guides - Study guide...

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