poly sci notes - II. Why federalism in the U.S.? III....

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II. Why federalism in the U.S.? III. Benefits and drawbacks of federalism A. regional minorities (local control over own affairs) B. Secure Economic and Military Security  C. Provides a laboratory for states to experiment with policy D. Inefficient, Complex, and slow to respond- Katrina E. Complicate accountability for the electorate I. Powers of the national government A. Exclusive powers (only one or the other )(national tariffs) B. Concurrent Powers (shared by state and natl. gov.)(taxing) C. Powers reserved to the states (criminal laws, marriage laws, inheritance) D. Implied powers of the national government ( necessary and proper clause) II. Courts defining scope of federal and state authority  A. McCulloch v. Maryland (implied powers) - Maryland tried to put a tax on the  national bank, found unconstitutional so it went to Supreme Court. Arguments- 1.  Natl. bank is constitutional b/c of implied powers, 2. Supremacy clause- Natl. law  over takes state law B. Gibbons v. Ogden (commerce clause)- states cant interfere with interstate  commerce C. Civil war –end of dual citizenship and 14 th  amendment limits on state power D. Cooperative federalism – federal government dangling grants of aid to influence  states E. The New Federalism- US v. Lopez and the Gun-Free School zones act of 1990
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course POLITICAL 1301-161 taught by Professor Markjonathanmckenzie during the Summer '08 term at Texas Tech.

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poly sci notes - II. Why federalism in the U.S.? III....

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