Criminology 3-25-08

Criminology 3-25-08 - SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES Emphasis o...

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SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES Emphasis o Social Interaction o Socialization The process by which people learn how to become members of society, by internalizing norms and values and also by learning how to perform social roles Family influences Religious influences Peer influences School influences THE PSYCHOLOGY OF LEARNING Psychological Approaches o Aristotle All knowledge is acquired through experience; none is inborn or instinctive Sensory experiences become associated with each other in the mind in interaction o Cognitive Theory Based on experiences and resulting associations, humans formulate ideas about “the nature of things” o Behaviorist Theory Animals, including humans, develop behavioral habits based on prior experience Learning occurs through trial and error Classical conditioning (associations) Operant conditioning THE THEORY OF IMITATION A Synthesis o Tarde Rejected biological theories of criminality
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Criminology 3-25-08 - SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES Emphasis o...

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