Mahabharata Synopsis - ‘v'Y ASA GANHSHA SA NTANU EH...

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Unformatted text preview: ‘v'Y ASA GANHSHA SA NTANU EH ISMr—‘t SA'I'YAVATI THE CHARACTERS The whole story is told by an author-narrator, M's-ass, who frequently takes part in his own story. . . . . f . vvasa Is assisted by a divine scribe, {JANE-:srm. who has an elepltant’s head on a human body. eamzsim writes down everything v‘rAsA says. At the beginning of the Family of the BHAHA'IAS, a ltiny.II called SANTANU takes. as his first wife, canon. who gives him a wonderful son. BHLSMA, the rtmst perfect man. must to allow his father to marry a second time, solemnly swears to-rcnotlnce the love of a woman. As a reward for this vow, he receives from the gods the power to choose the day of his death. A revered and immortal warrior, he is present throughout the story. In the last part. he is. almost a hundred years old. For his second wife, SANTANU takes sa'rynva'rt, who was born in a fish. At the time of her marriage to samano. sa'I'YAvM'I is already lhc mother of vvasw, the author of the poem. who has very close .fantily ties with his own characters. SANTANLI and SATYAVATI have a sickly son who dies childless, leaving two young widows, So that the poem may continue. vsnsa gives childrcn to the two young prineesses. From these unions are born two sons. IJHRI'I'AIL—‘tfilJ't'ltflt and ease-e. DHRlTl'L-iRASHTRA oJIRt'I'Ilmmslrr'Im. [he first born, is blind. Ile marries a DURYODHANA BUSH ASSANA KARMA KUHT! FANDL' princess culled Gannon-RI. and front this union come a hundred sons. the KAURAVAS. DEILi‘t'CIlJI-IANA is the first born ol‘ these hundred sons. He passionately desires tlle rulership o’t'the earth. ntnwoolmnit is supported by his brothers- {among whom the vicious E‘IUEHASSANA is noticeable) and by a fearsome warrior. of seemineg humble origin. sauna. stoma is in reality the son of a princess eaiietl Kl.'\"|'li and the sun. She had this son at the age of fifteen. It is Kl."s"l'| who marries the second brother. menu. llc takes a second wile. eullet'l MADE“. Hut rswoll is stricken hy MADE! YLJIJHISI ITl {IRA BHIMA ARJLJNA NAKULA and SAIIADEVA DRA UPADI D RONA KRISHNA ;. curse aml the interventinn til the gulls is neeessary in tit-um that the twt} wetnen ma}- hear sens. Ht.\!'l_§_1lh't‘.‘€l'tll'll‘| In three sens and sexual In lwin seas. 'l'llesc live hretltet's. lhe suns nl' PANIJLE, call themselves the hammer-.3. The first 111' the five hrnlhers is called 't'IEIHIIH'H'I'Itll-tA. lle is the sun ul' xtml'l and 0f l?Fl.-’\Iil|-I.-'|.1 Iht: gtal til earthlyr llill'll‘lt)l‘l}'. The seeend is tsl-ttMA, sen et- KUN'E'! and {JI' VAYLI, the glad til the wind. Hr; is the strengest man in Ihe a-ttrltl. The thirtl brother. ARJ'LINJL aim ul' Kt 'x'n antl til the king of the gods, INLJHA. is the finest areher and the greatest wnquererinthe wrist. The ether two brothers. wltn symlatlise patience and wisdom. are NAKUL.A and smamtlzvn. 'l'hey are tlle sons of “mam and ofthe ASHWLNH, the twin gt'rtlfi. These five hmther’s marr}r mit- aml the same woman, :IJItAUPADI. She gives them each a sea. The live J’ANDAVAs and the hundred Kril.3|%n'v'.-1S are therefnru first ceusins, the ttlt'-aprittg Hi [we brethers. They are hreught up together under the guidance ml” the elderly BHJEMA. As [er maria, amen-A‘s direct rival. he is — fer his melher is KUNTI — the elder brelher el‘ the mam-was. But, until a certain peninl in the Story, ht: is unaware Hf his (night. 'I‘m: other characters play an imperlanl rule in the destiny GflhutlltAllnTAS. The first is called DRUNA. Hr.- is a very knowledgeable Erahmin who has subsequently heeerne the greatest master el‘arms. He has a sun called ASHWAT‘THAMAN. The seem-tel is KRISHNA himself, I'rientl Dr the PANDAth and particularly at AFJUNA. ARJLINA lakes aatsima‘s sister, sesame-1m, as his second wife. autism-a isn‘t el't'ieially a king but his prestige is eensiderable. He is the earthly incarnation {an avatar} ttltlte great get] VISHNU. It is: nr_:eessar}.r to mentien else SHAKUN] the trickster, brotth ut' ['jANDHARfi hMlL-‘L, a princess rejected by Ejl-IISMA whfim she pursues through all the teeth}. and [we yeung characters with tragic fates: Aifl-llMAN‘r‘U, sen el‘ .-1|u|.INA and SUHHAE'JRA. and t'IHA'L'f‘rI'KM‘HA. son of IEIl-IIMA and a detttoness. 'l'hr Imam“ tildit't’ unnnr It'JlllL'Ll- ‘t-"t'mta :mrmum‘i‘a it} :I chihl that he. is. lttti'i Itt {" and that ll'll.“ nlnrt- in pining tn tuil him tht' histm'y ul' him rai- ‘tht- put-timtl hmrnrt ul' maninnii'. Lnlur tianuaha. Ihu i_"t'l|.l. tntlt tni i-luliimnl'x ht-ati. uhn ttl'iura' lmnutrh' n». tt'l'llL'l' n“. thix' grin-ii l'IUIL'HL tjttuttiiinwl it}; tth L'l:'l'll.i.l._ hi: itrtplninu him hu curnu: tn ham: tht: huml ul :tn ulcphant. I'ltcn hi: which tinwn tu writu. Vynsa l1|._’_|:.ir'l"- with the. story it!‘ his awn hirth. :1rt ai hi1; tint in't‘ilagtu‘tiat. King Santunu :md to. wnniiurt'u] ma _ cal Iril Bhirtrna. 'i'mtltly _‘-'L':l1'h ltitt‘r. Stunt-amt litiia in lut'u with anmhur wutnttn. .‘iatym-ati. 1h; tint-1 Vt'nhtt'x‘ UWI‘J Iiititltcr. liar father. in :tjgruuiag [U hur marriagu ttith .‘xantamt. Ll-u'il'lill'ltlh that their sun hi: the l'ttttn'u king. .‘inlnann i-nnnnt acct-5:1. 1hr hit tllt'tttltlfr' hm; a awn. lihitma. ‘Ih'ltt-rt‘unan Ithixtna. I'm Int-u: ut' l'Iiw' l'ttthcr. Vtt't’t'fi that. “'43 .H nut-ct tn ii:tt'u:at:|1iltl.hL-I-t'iiltuttnint-i'lihtith. Fiantanu than ntttrricrt ritttt-at'ati. Fituj; have a .5th w Ii‘lll.‘[t‘I'LI-‘ii‘lttu'iltltll.:‘t[t1lll'l‘lill'l1l‘l'lLiLh W215 thi: citatnm. him liluama light: on ltuhall' at his halt'-la't'nthu:t tl-l‘lti returns with thrcu: l1I'iilL"‘i il'lFtlL'E’tLl of mm. (Zinc of them. Arnha. is aim-tidi- lihh‘inti itch; hcr git hu'i hcr hutrathctl than; nut and farltmt xhu rtlilll'lth tn Bhiama tutti Hi: thun playa thi: latca thi: l1i1'1h all a hu i5 tritium-i pum' imihh 1h:i1 hu is tllti $0£‘|'{'1l}' mtg-414L- Ll . 'ant hur atn- nmri‘. Alan: tlt‘ntttnth that hi: man 3- hut: Bhiarntt. faithful tn hi5: mw. refuses. Amha then itwttarh tha1 nnu: tltn' ahu: willkillhinL'I'hirgutla.lmwtwur.l1a~.'i: git-t: It Hhimna 1hr: l.|.!I Cl‘ii'lll'hk' thu: that at his ilcath.1hi:tlc.t'nrt_'httmtnnhthu kilittt‘l. .-‘t “Hut 5“ cunt that aha will fintl a way 1n kill him. 13.1, tlit‘L‘i L'hiltllcaa. hi the [tactical hiattn'y ni' mankind U".'t_'1' an 5mm. 1hr t'Ltll'I: at nrnttignniatx'? 'T'hi: young prinuuaitna “.1th he git-uh t‘hiiilrt'n. Hat With can father thcrn'.’ Thu nnly man in the family i5 lihtl‘li‘il'lltl.-II11L:l hr haw :‘irnnunmrtl wmncn. H:tl}'tt\-tlli thun aaiht hhr firat 1tnn. V5: in tin: twn |_.‘Il'|1|t‘.t_‘.‘~ht_'h. 'l'hi; ttllll'ltlll' til th-L' i‘ll‘tll‘l'lt pt‘rfnt'ttta his duty hut thu t'rfilltIL‘MM't‘fi Iiim-h {ruin contact with him. for hu 'I'Ei. filthy and matclls. llL' thun explains tn 1.l‘l|.‘|11 that thug.- will each [war a. rain. but that the l'irht will hr lmrn i‘lirtti hccttuah thu first pt'il‘lCL‘h-h closed her even an that the sccantl will hr: pale-akinnml. because the p i an: r N I.‘ t-‘L' I'l l‘l L‘l I._“-'\. The vanity ltit aria hitnault. tn give children acting hitn. ill'Hl reactant pl'i lit-car. hlanuhuii at his lunch. 'I'huau1a'uat1nharh itallt'tj Dhritharaahtl'a -thI3 hliiitl. :tntl Pantiu - illt.‘ pale. l’aatlu w king. hut hi: ix at i'atcc L'LII'h'L‘tl hy a gazelle which hi~ killutt u-I-lilu it 'lt‘r'itt-t rnjnyhtg thu nicagurca ul' love: it he Intiltita lt‘fl-‘L: ta citht: r at hi5; twn wivua [Kunti :tnLi l-tatlri} he will immediately tliu. lit- gum away with hit wit-cit tn thi: nmuntnina. Kuuti. his l'irst with. iiil'nrmw turn thtil hilt: panama-L's a magic pawhr. Shit can invnl-tu u. 11nd at will and have LI t'hilil hf; hint. Straight away. this pit-war is put it] tth l:th :nul thru- ht1l‘lh an; hnl'n ta ltL‘trI ‘s’mihiahthira. thc l'irat horn. truthl'ul and turupuluux. sun uf Dhurma. Binnm. tht- slmnathl ul' mun. and .-‘t ritE|1:'|. thu: Ct1r1l|1lt2 rtir. .- h-lnih'i. l’nnihi't éL‘L'tjlttl with. rnultca new: «if illllh nut-tut tun. .‘ihu: git-M hirth in twin mm. Ntilttlla :tnLI Sahadcua. Thank"; 11'.- h“! twa wit-1m I’lllttlll hm. hm; was; tlL‘Hi'L'Iltiflti t'rnn‘. tltt: gut-ht thi: I’anilat'as. l’elhtwing. Iris i‘liuthet's esiie. Dhl'ill‘rarasirtra has heenrne Icing. tlespite his hlinrJness. He marries Gantlhari. whtt. en learning of her hushantl‘s infirmity. deeirles tn etwer her eyes with a bandage whieh slte Willi never rettnwe. Then. after an utrrlaturaliy hing pregnancy she heetimes. by estratirdinary means- the nmther eta hundred sons. the Kaaras'as. The first here is ealleti Dtlryodhana. He brings. with him hate and destruetiun. Panrtu tiies heeause. nrte sprint:II day. he prefers have to life. The first age of the wnrltt is earning to an end. A terrible. wurltl-Witle. irtetnnpre hensihle war ap prttaehes. Bhisrna. by new an hit] man. tJeL'irJes ten-bring up the two sets of enusins. the Pantiawts and the Kanravas. Ingether. But everything tears titertl apart. Ever sinee their yuth they have heen trying. m hi]l eaeh nther. Entry Drama. :1 prmliginus master of arms. wl‘ltt disetts-‘ers in Arjuna alt extremely gifted areher. He premises to make him the hest. net shrinking?II t'rnm asking a yelling rival. who calls- hiinseh' his pupil. te ettt ei't' his thumb set that he will inse his skill and his strength. During Ihe errurse M an archery tearnarrrerrt. Arjuna‘s superiurity is ertItlenly tested lay a very tlangeruus neweemer eatled Karrm. Welenntetl hy Durytnihana anti mnseeratett Icing by him. Kama swans eternal friendship. Karna is in reality — as we learn i'rnrn Vyasa — Kunti‘s first—bunt. child. the result nf her Union with the sun. He is theret'nre the tlnkrltrwrt hrttther ttt'the Fatalavas. against whnnt he will nne tiny fight 11} the tleath. The live Parttlavas tnarry. As a result (it their mother‘s unguarded wurtts. they take fer their wife Draupatti. whn binds them tngether irres'neahly. Aral. as the had Ulttens gather. Krishna makes his aflpearanee. 1| is saitl he is the incarnation {if the god 1i..’1'slmu. enme dawn tnsas-‘e the earth fmm ehatss. (ht his admire the Pantlavas gt: heI'ttre the blind king. Yuilhish- titira. in spite Hi the eselamatitnts at his hrnther Ehima. aeeepls a Wtirthless part {it tilt: kinetith in the ltepe ui' averting a war 1.irr'hieh all tee! in he urraveitiahle. Several years frass happily. Yudhishlhira can well irmigine that ‘t’yastl‘s err—ta! mum is finished. But this is tsnly the beginning. He must new he eruwnetl king. ut' kings. l'hlrytttihana. the eldest [hi the. Haunt-ms. CHI'IHUI. slant] the Wis-Lie!“ :uttl Film-er Hi ‘r'utlirishlhira. He fullest-s the ativiee nl' his mute. the canning Shakani. i'eareLi player ttl' rliee. amt int-"es ‘I'Lrtlltishthira [H a game. ltltttwirti; that ganthling is- Itis wt:.:_'|k'|1L‘H!-t_ Yutlltishtltirll :lL‘L‘epts. {'al'l'ietl away by the inlttsieatitsn hi the game it” ltH' ether. seL'ret reasnnsi he ins-es his entire pnssessinns. l'tls l:|r'|r.[s. Iris kirrgtiurtt. e’t'elt his hrnlhers. t-s'en hill-sell. even lh'a'ruylatll. their .lUllli Wile. 'e-‘l‘Hr is tlraegetl hetnre lltt.‘ company. She is almtrt In he sll'lpt‘letl IrakeLl. when she irts'rthes Krishna. whit entries lU her reseae. She swears that rate tiny death still avenge her. There will he a Iaar. rttereilesswar. It Is per-Imps ||'| .mter ttr men this “:1: rlm ‘- Lnllmhllm'n agrees tn .1 hist nrtrteh. :I kind nl'tlnnlrle n1 tnnts. three Ll_fl:|l|‘l. Ire Inses. l'he lhtnthmtx' :tntl Dunlpnth :n'e ennult-rnnetl tn \nt'ntl tuelt'e jenl's iIr esile in the I'nrest. :Il'ltl .‘r thirteenth f-L‘ill In :nt nnlsnnmr place. tlisenisetl sn ll'lill nu nne Illitjt-1'L'L'itfillifiell1ulll. 'l'hey lente. "t-jttsn th'st-rihres their LIL-:rtnlnn' tn Ilre l1lllttl king; trtrt'ltluern. Exile in thefinest hih: the Ktnu'nvtts :n'e UHL‘JIH‘r Jll their lr:t|ttee. the l":rnthn-‘215 htn-e tt-ithtlrtm-n intn the l'nresl. There. they enennnter :‘tnrlrn. she. whn nnee .s'u-‘nt'e tn kill lilrihrrm. tutti is desperater [rt-in; 1n t'inLI snnrenne 1n perl'nrrn the inrpnsuihle teeth. A nit-sternum t'niee ll'l Ihe l'nresl 1e||5 he! Ihtn nntlrine etttr nutwit Lletnh ‘exL‘ejrl tietttlr Itsell". .‘ihe leaves. |)r:rup'.ttli tnnl Bhinrn then rejnuttt'l'l ‘t’ntihishthirtt hit his inttetien. his pussieite. "tl-"nultln't it he hetter. sinee i1 is nir-rinus .‘ihtikuni ehented trt tliee. tn rise up untl light? "r'ntilrishthirtt tlntlt- rel'unes. He will keep his wnnl. He will t'nllnw his n'l'rrn'tnn. Aritnnt then lent-es. He is turning I'nr the high tnnnntnins tn lenk fnr the divine wenpnns which nne titty they will need. He lent-e5 I'thinptnti untler the pl'nteennn nl' his hrntlrers. Nigln hills. lithium keeps u-tneli while the nthers sleep. Enter ti Rttkshashtr. :I erettlure nl' the I'li_1_J,l'I[. She hills nrttdly in hit-e with Bhima whn fights with her hrnther tint] kills hitrr. Then he .s'i res a elrilel on the ntttgiettl eretttnre. This ehihle whn is ettlletl Glrrnntktttehtt. F-WCEJTS he will tine Ling; IlfiL‘ up tnrtl enlne tn 1he :titE nf his lather. 'l'he Ktturu'rtts have ennre right intn ll'n: int-est. l'Jnshussanti, Dnryntlhttnn‘s 1.'iei:.:n.l.s l'Il't‘Ill1UI. wttnts tn tlestrtw the Pnntltrt'trs. but they are stn-eti hj' ‘tr‘jrttstt himself. In the pttltiee. Kuntr‘ nntl (hintilrtni. the. twn mothers. are wtu'l'lL‘cL Kmni tries tn enm-in'ee her nnueltrtnwletlgetl sen. Kurntl. nnl tn tttke part in the wttr. But she l'nils. l'Jurj-ntlhnntr wttttlfi tn knew the retrsnn i'nr Arjuntt's estrettitinn. He es-nltes him by rnttgie. The}.- see. hrjuntt lighting with ti mysterious hunter. tt-Irn turns nnt tn he the lentl Eilriwi himself. Sl'll‘r'fl gives Arjuna Pnsttpttnt. the supreme wean-tin. which tntty iiestrnj- the wnrld. .‘s‘lnrenver. in the heavens. :l setluetise eretntn'e tipprnttehes t‘trjnntt and nt'l'ers herselt' tn hint. He ret'uses :inti she curses him: tine tie}- he will Inse his t'ltlill}' and he will he like u wnnrnn. His enemies. whn lewe witnessed this seene h}: nrttnie. ask themselves whether it isn't tn lh:1t ntnntent [l‘li-ll the}- shnnltl titttiek tint] tiestt'nj' him. One this. the F'trntlus-tts. still in esile. are killed hj: the wuters of a pnisnnnns hike. ‘t’tnlhishtlrirtt. hntt'et'el'. Irrings his hrntltert'. l'Ittelt tn li'le hw- enrreetlj' ttnswer'inp, the Lntestitrns whieh the hike nuts tn hinr. hints tllt.‘}']11Ll.‘-[iilltltl[tlttt'eltlltltluIIJ1'UJIL'j-t'n1'. Dhnrnm tells them In ehnnse the tlihguise nllheir tnris‘. secret LlL'her. h-Eettnwhile. Fennel. hating.- |'||'-i‘ll'|'ll‘-il."tl l'Jnt't'n-tllrtner t'ietnrjt. tleertles he ltnt ntnst nennire the :rlrsnhlte w-.':nrnn. Hunger grnws ever eltiher. ever were tnenaeine. l’tn' neinr riltlr‘lillh Karin: hie, item-er! an ati-tmwer't'ul hei'ntit. the tleatrtiyer til werritirh. Ar. 3 i-tawttrtl, in; ht‘HliJ'M. tlptin Kflrna. Whtittt he mitt-s, m the :t Set-Hint. [he flhklleflfl wetil't-iirt. But Httrna. by ttn exeteth tit' l'tirttttttle the thief; rttit ertr when It wnrni httree i:'l htile in his; thigh] shim-it Itinineit' tn he it 1.t-ari'itir. 'l'lte hermit eurses hint and pretlietx That! the nmment he wishee fur the weat'rtin he It't'ill forget the Heerel ttirttittltt ttrttl ll'l'ttl will he the mtiment t‘if his; th'tltl'l. j‘teettrtiint: Tti the euritiitittitit til the tiiee game. the yet-11' whieh the i’ttntiht‘tis are te spend in disguise ll'tth' nnw ari'it'eti. ‘t’utihiehthim. when tlpl’ifll‘ll}; a5 rt th-tir Braitmin. and hit hrtithem i-lllll Di'auptitli. whn him her wandering servants. t'intl axyitini iii The entlrt [if Kine 1|itimtti. There. they tell htiw Hhimzi. titiriitp, Ilte etittrse tit'.hi5 i: forest. eneuunteretl hie hall-hmtiit-r l-lnntnniin. the nttinltey. wth teii he wax I ‘i’tttlhixhthira EHIHULJFICCh th {Kali-yttgt-t]. fi'tt the wurt til' thiit king. ti general. etifietl Kiteh infatuated with Drauphdi. even threatening her life. her and 5e he gees in her 5' :irnurtiutt general. Meanwhile. ntll’}'0(§ll1tll‘ltl has. httinehetl ttn attttek ripen ‘t’irttta‘s kingdom. The king plzieex'hia trtitirn in the llillldi‘i tit' his young sen. Utttira. whe. hewever. declares he l'IEIE-t nit {Irivei' t'e-r hi5 Chtll‘ltll. Dreuptttli — whri seekx WEIF tit Elll L'tJh'T — ptilltlfi titit Atjttntt as the best driver in the world. tilthettgh he hex taken the :ippeernnee hi it trttnevt-stite rind tlenee lnfitrlJCIUT. The l’Eirtthl‘f'rtt-t reveal their true identity htintewhrtt before the agreed tirne. Wer i5 nigh. Durytitlhttna tines. nnt wttnt Iti git-e kinetltim heeaufie the},r earne nut He gtiflfi [U request Krixhn elititises Krishna himself. htnie till titr Kriiihna‘s a :JCCCPIS. [n the Katimvax' pzilaee. the blind hing. wht: l5 intimidated by hie, Htir'lh. tllHLJ senses the mining tii' wni'. He tethe- the elderlyr Blllfimtt, the inetintpariihle "rh'ilrrllt'il'. tti tithe the xtipreine etinnttatitL Bhistrnti “DEEPER. against his will. but an tine etintiititin: thtit Ktirnti (ltNJh' net fight. Althtttteh very diepietieed. Kama agrees nnljt- tti light after Bhistma'i; death. Kflfil'lrli'l L'tillttlfi t'nrtli as n my in the rniraeulttux 1tJl :the in hit. On this tieeaeiun. e etirnittg hi it tlark ege. the age ul' Kttli til-ta. hemmes and tltiex everything he run It: reassess her. Drtttireitli intrtltiree mighty Bhinta [u help teetl tn :1 [titre-twat :tntl pulveriset: the tee— hix Enllh'lnfi their til hitline hel'tire the :ipptiintetl time. 3‘3 SUDI'JUFL flit-innit LIUL‘S the Heme. Arjuna tllfll‘lt.‘ ttrttl Ltrtttrnttttl. anti lets Duryfltlhflnél rritieit. He axle. him It) tirit'e hix ehnrient. Kriehntt petteetttttlter. He .Hl‘JtJtliitfi tti DttrytJ-tllttttttt. with three not listen It} him. He i'evetih. his; nrtit-ei-ell fi‘nuL tt-iriL-lt ii. tit-1|}r vieihle [ti them: when have eye}: tt: see. lie Hpt‘hkx Tti Bhixnitt. whti i5 l‘t'L‘ILII'Itl It: the Kaut'nvatx. He HPEitli'th: tti Ktrnti. whti tlflL‘h‘ everything tti punl't Iter Henri intn wttr. Finttily. Ite .‘iPL'ill'Ch [[1 Karen. gtiiritt tat I'ttr :te lti t'e'uettl 1” him that he lit] the hrtither tit' [lILIrF-L‘ “hunt lie intentia [ti light. But Kllfll‘ilW113ii-thlll'itlfll'lL'Llh}'l’ll5lllt‘lll'ltll'illll'lt‘ ref}- l‘ll'Tl'l'. he ilten l'Iilh :i t-‘iaittti til' the eritl tit' the tt-tirlti. the Kintrttuns. even tlittueh he enrt tilretttl}. l'iit't'ht‘e t| [151'JltlL‘illl]. lttiul'ttl'hin llt: 1mill light “lll'l teir tfet't-ttt tint! his The tt-‘ttr List as Ihe hattie is :thnttt tn start. Arjuna sees his telatinns analtttt nhnnt he is hitting. 1:: light and hreaks tlnwrt. iiL‘ rel'uses in light. Ktlhillti'l.‘-’rltt1t5ill“- ehat'inleer. atltlt'esMLe‘> hint as they stand in the tin-man‘s-lantl between the twn nrnties. This ts the lantntts fitment-mi Him. the gentle In at t'aightt'nrwartt and resntute aetinn. Battle begins. hut it is- intpnssihle tn vanquish Liltisma. Une L‘VCltlllg in the camp. Lihisma receives a visit fresh the ghnst nt' i‘tmha. She enntes tn inl'nrtn hint nl' her death. She snys that Kite threw hetseif inttt the fire anti that she is new.- rehnrn as a man. His name is Hilthattilin. 'I'he l’atltlayas tell liltisnta that unless he is hilleti the war will gn t'll'l until the entl til the wnrltl. When :tshetl hnw he eatt he vanquished. he replies: plaee Siltharttlitt in the t'rnnt line ant! tell him tn strike me. The nest tlay. I'aetrtg Sikltattilin. he I'I'Ii'li'LL‘t; nne last eltallenne. lint his will tn ii't-‘L' leaves him. He tlrnlts his wealtnns. An arrnw hits him. shnt Itnt 11y t‘tntlta — Hihhatttlitt. wit” has sutltlenly l'nrgntten all the reusnns l'nr his hat retl — hut hy Arinlta. ljhistna tines rtnt tlie until iater. He remains lying nit a heil nl' arrnws until the end ni tlte hattle an Kama enters the I'ray. atttl Dtn'yntlhana rejniees. Dtnnn. master nt' arms. taltes enntmanel. l-Ie tilsnnses the armies aeenrilittg tn a fnrntatinn ltttnwn nniy tn hint. the irnn tlise. whieh Itn nrte knnws hnw In hrealt ntten. Nn nrte save Arjuna. it' nnly Arjuna ean he tlivet'letl treat the battle. Dt'nna guarantees vietnry. Karlta remains alnne at night. Kunti gees up tn him {she ltnnws- that he new intends tn light} wifliling tn persuade him in inin the l’antlawas. She ennt'esses tn helng his ntnthea' and asks his l'ntgit-eness. But Katha is ant tn he tnnyetl. He will fight against his hrntltera. He tines. hnwever. tnnntise Kunll that he will nnly kill Arjuna. fur. as he says. nne nl' them must the. Thus. after the battle the will have as many suns as hefnre. a seenntl wil'e. Eulthatlra. Kriehna‘s sister. They have n t'it'teen-year—nltl sen. fitl'rltjntanth~ whn~ while still in his 1T|ULI1tJ1"5 wnnth heard his father speaking. therehy learnng ltnw tn ferree a hreael-t jntn Drnna‘s hattIe-fnrrnatinn. the irnn tlisk. Ar. file-tuna has heen ealietl tn a battle far away. Yuttitihhtltirn etttrusts Ahhlntanyu with the task nl' npeniug a hreaeh in the disc. Ahhimanytt aueeeetis hrilliantly. hnt tlte hreal: elnses behind him arttl the nthers are unable tn t'nlli'iw. Ahhintnnytl. despite his ht'e'i'ery. is slain. Arjuna returns tn the eatnp. bitriel-ten with rage and grief hy the sight nr' his dead snn. he swears tn ayettge his tleatj snn he I'nt'e sunset the nesltlay. The l'nllnwing ttay. Katha tln'nws himself intn the tutttle anti t'iitltts brilliantly. A gut! nnee gay-e him a magic ianee which will kill any living heng hut eau nnly he used nnee. lie is. kCUpll‘lflj this Innee 1'nr .-"'iriulta. 'I'tt Liififlthl.‘ l'ti- this iiillL'L'. A rjunn has Krishna enlls nn t'ihatntltateha. snn nf Bhima arttl thc crcattlrc nt' thc night. Hc appears immediately In saw: his human [:arttily. At night. a tcrrihlc hattlc mnr'nmis. Kat-nu. He can anh- hill lhc tlctnnn lay rusm‘ling to his magic Iancc 1al-‘hich can only [11; usctl nncc. (ihatntkatcha is l-cillct]. hut Krishna danccs 1.irith jug Karna is thus '. uluttml‘llz: urttl Arjuna vital] kill him_ Firs! it is ncccssar}r [ill kill Drnna, an jun-ini-ihlc warrior, surpassing cvcrt Arjuna hitnsclf. llt‘ can unly hc h-catcn through his wcakrtcsscs: his hwc t'nl' his sttn. Ashwattharnan. and a cursc which is upnn him. Rhinta kills an elephant — alsa callcd Ashwatthamnn — and decuill'ully' tclls Drunu nl' tht: dctlth uf his son. Drona. stispccting u Iic. asks Ytttlhishtltira hit the truth. In order [it Sin-1‘ his armies. Yllclltishlftira 'is t'tnrcctl inlt} a half-lit: which tlistrcsses him_ Dmna fccls his strcngtlt chh antl lcts himself he killed. Karlta's httur has CUI'IJLL Hi: suts nut to fight weighcd dnwn by bad mucus. antl Ictl hy a disquieting chasiutcur whu may he the gut] Shiva hinlscll. Ht: sparcs Yudllishlhira. as ht: promised Kunti, and l'urttlsttl'l'firjunn. MLtall'u'v'hilc Lihilna. grimflusly wuundud. sccs Dushasmuta muting lt‘rwttrtls him. I-Ic haLl nncc vuwcd tn drink his hluutl and cat his guts and this hc pmcccils tn tin whilc Draupatli washes her hair in the dead man‘s hitartl. Durymlhana asks Karna tn avenge his hmthcr Dushusstma, Finally Kama cttrtfrtnlts Arjuna in. a crucial hattlc. It is the earth hcrscll wlttt. in suitcng Karmt’s chttritZ-t-t'trheals~ brings about his tlctlth. Kama! Trics tn invoke Ill-E: ahsalulc wuapttn hut the words escapc hint. Ht: tlics as tltc L'IJTEL: prctliclctl. it is nnw lhc turn of Duryndhana who rcfums tn surrcniler m the last. Hc hitlcs at Ihc hattnrn of a lake whusc walch he has magically hartlunctl. Hc tally camus up tn fight Ehiatta whu kills him by trI.:aI.:Itt:rllt|sif.I striking;r him nn thc legs. As ht: lies- dying, Ashwntthaman tclls him how Iic pcnclratcd irlln lhc camp of thc cunqucring Pandavas in urtlcr tn avcngc Drona's death. and pcrpctratccl a hitlcttlls and usclcss massacre Icah'ing thc Pantlnt'as withnttt descen— EIaI‘lTs. UH I';-mlhana tlics cuntan Bhisma. running his cntl. is hrttught hack anti] thc hattlcfielil, Th: Pantiat-‘as discm'cr That Kama was Kunli's sun and that ht: walnut] mnrc highly his luyaltj; ta Duryttdhana than his l'atnil}I tics. Yutlhishthira thcrcupnn decides to rcnuuncc Ihc hlnntl-gtainad thmnc and In withdraw tn the. wands. Druupatli urges. him tu stay Rhimta Spa-1L5 tn him ttrttl shttws hint hn'w. itt thc mitlst {if thc 1aural Inisl'nrtttrtcs. man always retains a slight hnpc antl. 'thc taslc J'ur httrtcy'. 'l'ltcn Bliifir'l'lil. dics. for his huur has cnntc. fiamlltari cursus Krishna whttm she cnnsitlcrstu hi: rcspnnsihlc I'Lhr :III that has I'Icl'nllcn Thcm. Calmly. Krishna accepts this ctn'sc. Hc tclls {iandhari Ihill Urn: Ilgllt has hcun stw‘ctl cvcn ifsht: L‘artltul scc it. fil‘nl ‘tlltillltshlhit'u ugruus [u rujgn. ll lx‘ mm Krishna‘s Imu tn Llic. vcry simply. l-Lillctl h}; mistaLc in the T'IH'L‘SE. lit'l'm't' thing. hc hatl tintc In saw Iltc child in Thc Wt‘ltl‘lll nl' rhhlttlllt'lllfi'tl's t'ttllttp Willltw. Fl'ttrtl him is Linscmttlctl [his child 1” u'htirtt the grettt stttry is titltl. 'l'lrirty-sis setirs 'lh'J‘Ir't: ]'I:lHHL'I'J. l'he hliitrl king. ('itirttlhtiri iirrtl Runti HTL‘ Lin :1. river-hank. They spesl-t tii the First. elf the tinleigetrtthle V-‘i'll'. The king tii'ders his wil'e ttt remtwe the. httntltiee. just this nnee. heftire thing. She tells him she h.th taken it nl'f httt she keeps IE on. t'nitht'ttl 1n her sew. 'l'heir iiil three walk ttiwurds s lire wltieh hits hriiken nut in the titrest. Alt aged ‘r’udlilshthira. Cflrrylllg i1 dug in his arms. arrives in ltatrutttse. His irrntlters and Druupadi. whu left the earth with hint. hit-re. fttllen ll‘llt) the altgsss. A gatekeeper tells him In lease the that; behind if he wtmts LU enter paradise. lie refuses. hut enters nonetheless. for this was :1 test. In ittirttelrse. the ‘irtetineeiwihle regimt‘. sunte surprises tire lttill :iwsitiirg him. His enemies rtre there. smiling, and happy. Hit: hrttlhers ttirtl I'lrttttpntli. hit the tttltet hunt]. seem 1n he in ttirrriertl. Why"? ‘t’trtlliislrthirtt risks himself these first] Lluestitins hefan tltcupllllgl penee tll last. with the reetrgnitinn that all is illusieirt. ...
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Mahabharata Synopsis - ‘v'Y ASA GANHSHA SA NTANU EH...

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