SOC101 f03 Quiz 1-5

SOC101 f03 Quiz 1-5 - Sociology 101 Dr. Kenji Ima Quiz 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Sociology 101 Dr. Kenji Ima Quiz 1 Fall Semester 2003 1. The sociological perspective can best be summarized as: a. an approach to understanding society by examining a person’s mental state. b. an approach to understanding society by taking a social perspective. c. the perspective sociologists bring to social life. @ an approach to understanding human behavior by placing it within asocial context. 2. All of the following factors combined to lead to the development of sociology, except: G9 the reformation of the game i: (burgh ~v Gimpcl'wsfn, b. sgglal gpheaval in Europe. c. imperialism t at exposed people to radically different cultures. d. the success of the natural sciences. 3. Verstehen can best be described as: /a. objectiv -- -7 ings. vgrs‘i-e hm : 1—13 519 Lb) havinnto someone’s situation. c. social facts. d. social location. 4.. According to symbolic interactionism, which of the following is a factor in the high divorce rate in the United States? . Increased government r ' ' ' ’ ‘ dren .\ Increasing demand fo e otional satisfactio in marriage c. Shift in male—female economic ba ance d. Increased government role in taking care of the sick and elderly 5. Functionalism focuses primarily on which level of analysis? Func fig“ CPL — M OLC . @ aggro-level analysis Con¥ll Cd‘lOfiOok ,M Micro-level analysis . r ’ CfC c. Both macro- and micro-levels of analysis apply equally. In+m Qfi Onouk -'/U\i C d. Neither level of analysis applies. 6. To a sociologist, differences in the behavior and attitudes of people are caused primarily by their: a. ethnicity. b. gender. c. genetic programming. place in social structure. 7. What is an ascribed status? {a} It is a status that is inherited or involuntarily applied to an individual. B. It is a status that involves specific action or inaction by an individual. c. It is a status that increases an individual‘s prestige level. d. It is a status that cuts across other statuses an individual occupies. 8. According to functionalist theorists, what is the purpose of social institutions? To provide the ruling classes with a means of maintaining its position and power Cb) ' tions in ' c. To ensure change in a society d. To enable interaction between all the institutions within a society 9. The Amish are a good example of a: (a; gemeinschaftcommunity. — i-m-Hmcdce b. gesellschaft society. - ime‘EVSonOJ’k 0.590 cl Ohio ‘7 c. modern society. d. postindustrial society. Sociology 101 I Dr. Kenji Ima Qulz 2 Fall Semester 2003 1. When Jane visited Morocco, she found it difficult to buy bus tickets as everyone pushed ahead of her. when she went home to the United States, she told her friends that the Moroccans were the rudest people she had ever encountered. Herjudgment of the Moroccans‘ behavior is an example @ethnocentrism'—U9i'n ones OJ\+Ur€ 0L _ 7 b. universalism 3 S 0‘ ‘j‘M‘dSHCK c. cultural relativism d. cultural leveling 1. Maya has recently moved to the United States and is learning the language. According to the Sapir—Whorf hypothesis, Maya is likely to: . , (El f'ind English too difficult to learn as an adult. S 0‘9“- ’ w ho ‘ perceive the world differently after learning English. eofire 5 u) c. orget er native anguage as she learns a new language. or r , gas d. feel there are too many words to classify students. 04; ‘Hm nH‘ ‘ 03 their bodies. Mark would be violating a ; Sally would be violating a m. a. more; folkway fl b. more; taboo ' folkway; more m . folkway; taboo 0‘0 SW 4. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of culture? it allows the pr0cess of natural selection to occur more rapidly in the human species than in any ..-—- 3. Mark and Sally went walking in the park . Both of them were wearing nothing on the upper half of £0lKW§ other. b. It enables us to make our own social environment, inventing and sharing rules and patterns of behavior. c. it enables us to draw on the experience of past generations rather than to begin everything anew. d. it enables us to use our learned knowledge to modify the natural environment. 5. What is the difference between values and norms? - . . . . . Norms : @Values are abstract, general concepts, whereas norms are specific guadelines for behavior. 2 . , . They are synonymous; there is no difference. SPQC‘JQC. c. Norms refer to cultural universals, while values refer to each society's adaptation of norms. 09$ . d. Values are essential to sodal control, while norms are the basis of laws. - 9' E Ems 6. A sociologist explains'the American observance of'Thanksgiving by noting that it helps draw families together in reaffirmation of the American way of life. The sociologist is usrng the approach. a. conflict -—- * b. fun tionalist ECG) \ \CCX‘ 3 CO d. et nocentric 7. .Dr. Klaus, an expert on World War II, feels that the Nazi persecution of Jews and others was an atrocity—~but that it can be understood, given the social norms and values of Germany in the 19305. Klaus is adopting the attitude of 3x racism b. internalization of norms‘ cultural relativism CU lfi‘l‘eg r‘cohl O n cultural inte ration 8. It was seen that children raised in orphanages in the U.S. tended, on average, to have lower IQs than children raised at home. Two psychologists suspected that was the baSic problem, rather than mental retardation. a. a diet lacking in proper nutrientst— poor education h {4401.4 c crfimcn c‘. absence of ro er care ‘ .9911 se . absence 0 nurturing social interaction Sociology 101 Dr. Kenji Ima Quiz 3 Fall Semester 2003 1. Which system of stratification determines a person’s social status by birth and maintains it for the person's lifetime? Caste . Clan c. Class d. Slavery ‘ 2. Of the four systems of social stratification listed below, which one allows the most social mobility? a. Caste b. Clan Class Slavery 3. According to Marx, what is the key to social class? @ Control of the means of production . Inherited wealth c. Family status d. Class consciousness 4.. According to functionalist theory as proposed by Davis and Moore, which of the following factors is a reason social stratification is universal? . The universality of capitalism -' War” I? All societies havepositions of differing importance that must be filled. c. The predominanceo c ass— ase sooeties d. The predominance of caste societies 5. The author of your text suggests using the following terms to describe how nations are stratified: a. Wealthiest, less wealthy, and poorest nations __ . . . First—world, second—world, and third-world nations") W05 Th‘5 , __ F p . é Mostjgdustrialized, industrializing, and least industrialized nations a when Comm"? “3+” 9“; Richest, 'middle-class, and poor nations l'i Dermm With- 6. Which theory of stratification examines the spread of capitalism as a major factor in stratification and the nations where capitalism deveioped earliest as generally the wealthiest and most powerful? mmt'sln a. Culture of poverty theory: when PWny passes ‘5“ mm Mme” 10 012“ c» iii—Ire ‘19, Dependency theory 1 “ Theories of imperialism and colonialism .“ . World 5Y5tem theorY: Economic. + politiccut. r‘moerhctr-j. 1'th file, we W'U‘ldifi coo (rides; iogkbher‘. 7. According to Weber, what defines social class? a. Inherited family wealth b. A family’s traditional position in a society Weber; wgmUth _ Type of employment Power ® A combination of wealth, power, and prestige 8. The fact that each fifth of the US. population receives the same proportion of the nation's income today as it did in 1945 is evidence that: ,. income inequality is becomi each decade. .130 income ineguaiity has beertconslstentiover the past fifty years. *3) . antipoverty programs have een e ectlve. antipoverty programs have made no significant difference in income inequality. 9. Occupational prestige rankings across countries and over time. . _ vary _ r \ _ C I, -arssoosis_te_nt “3 2% (on 5WD?“ J remain the same «oer; is d. are very different _ 50mm Worm 'J'OJQCWVS Sociology 101 Quiz 4 1. 2. 3. Dr. Kenji Ima Fall Semester 2003 What is a nuclear family? A family consisting of a husband, wife, and children A family consisting ofa husband, wife, children, and other relatives c. A family with strong bonds d. The core of a large family group Although U.S. family patterns are becoming more many customs practiced today still point to their a. matriarchal, patriarchal b. egalitarian, matriarchal (SD egalitarian, patriarchal-male dominance patriarchal, matriarchal Which of the following would functionalists be most likely to focus on P . The power struggle over housework ® Why the family is universal - fofic'ilvn‘fl . c. How differently husbands and wives view their marriage- inie‘nd“) “0‘- d. The amount of effort that each spouse expends on housework- origins. The “second shift" refers to: a. ajob for wages held by a wife in a family where the husband also works. b. a second job held by one of he spouses. house cleaning, cooking, child care, etc. done in addition to a job for wages. a part—time weekend job heid by one of the spouses. Which of the following would symbolic interactionists be most likely to focus on? a. The power struggle over housework b. why the family is universal How differently husbands and wives view their marriage . The dysfunctions ofthe family What did the Rosenthai-Jacobsen experiment in a San Francisco grade school reveal? a. When teachers give students individual attention, theirle can jump as much as 20 percent. b When teachers ignore students, student le fall by 20 percent. 6) When teachers believe certain students are more intelligent, they will ay more attention to those students. The students, in turn, will indeed become more inte ligent, creating a self— fulfilllng prophecy. in iemc HOOCLL d. When teachers believe certain students are less intelligent, they will pay more attention to those students. The students, in turn, will indeed become more intelligent, creating a self- fulfiiling prophecy. Sociologists James Coleman and Thomas Hoffer concluded that the superior test performance of students in Catholic schools is the result of: a. strict attendance rules. b. better students. 9 higher standards. . better teachers. What did sociologist Ray Rist's participant observation stidy in an African Americanwgrade school reveal? PU+ swmfi in etc-W. grew? 5 a. Teachers tracked students on the basis of personality. b. Teachers tracked students on the basis of race. . Teachers tracked students on the basis of objective testing. 7 _ m @ Teachers tracked students on the basis of social class: wee "r0 niece, miemc’flb“ Sociology 101 Q ,1 5 Dr. Ken'i Ima Quiz 5 UL" 3 Fall Semester 2003 1. The secondary sector of the economy involves: ® gathering raw materials and resources. turning raw materials into manufactured goods. providing services for people. d. conducting military activities. 2. Which of the following is a major characteristic of postindustrial societies ? a. The development of conSpicuous consumption ‘ u ' us 1‘04 . Arenewed emphasis on thrift agrflflah “Ki ' JTeen/ice An information explosion i‘“d”5*r‘m _? 905+ _. ' 'y 0 An increase in manufacturing sector employment ‘ ‘1 J; ‘3er '0 3. Which of the following refers to an economy in which the manufacture and trade are governed only by market forces without government interference? (g; Laissez-faire capitalism . Welfare capitalism c. Welfare socialism d. Laissez—faire socialism 4. The current economic system in the United States is a. Ialssez-faire socialism welfare .- gov'r mie: ventl'on . unrestrained capitalism welfare capitalism market capitalism 5. Durkheim’s term for the interdependence that results from peeple needing others to fulfill their jobs is . a organic solidarit _ y _ . _ . a a Q oligopolyr cooi’m l 63‘ Emilie WW5“? 0‘3 V3". COCYWGOW‘S » imilcd’“ c. mechanical solidarity «vm'tgj final CD'Y‘PS f‘r-e-“fi Pam‘s ll" '0 ‘Ved‘ m 3 OCC Upctkiofls‘ d. division oflabor 6. The sociological significance of the globalization of capitalism might best be expressed by the statement that: multinational corporations now owe allegiance to profits and market share, not nations or human resources. b. ultimately humankind will experience less social stratification as a result of the globalization of capitalism. c. political control is now more firmly in the hands of the middle classes. d. the “new world order” will be dominated by the poorer nations. 7. Analysts of the effects of the new technologies on the world of work predict two futures. These include: a. a world of “haves” and a reduction in social stratification. é a better trained workforce and more equitable pay for everyone. ' c a technoparadise of abundance and leisure and a divided society of rich and poor. a paradise of leisure and a society of wealth. 8. Power that people accept as rightly exercised over them is referred to as - coercion authority c. revolution d. the state 9 which of the following refers to authority based on an individual's personal characteristics? g; Charismatic authority . Political authority c. Rational-legal authority d. Traditional authority erz, 1, 10. A is a factor that can be measured or manipulated in a study. a. hypothesis ~ +95 T b. research method "1 "’YF“EL c. s 1 'on criteria- @- 11. The statement, “Men who are more socially isolated are more likely to rape than men who are more 50cia|ly integrated" is an example of a/an a. t ' (is: ‘6. orationaldefinition statement of problem 12. analysis is especially useful for data gathered by participant observation. a". Functional b. 0 erationa ‘d. Quantitative 13. Using the ' method of research, you might divide subjects of a sample into two groups and expose one group to a given variable but not the other group. a. co ~u alysis 4b“.- c. secondary analysis d. unobtrusive measures 14. What variable is measured to determine the effect of an. experiment? a. The ' iable (b) The de endent ari e c. The experimental variable d. The independent variable 15. means that two variables exist together. ra. C - in \b Correlation _ c? Igni icance d. Time order connection 101Qle03/K1cp/i 9. Mattie is a new sociology teacher at the local college. During her first lecture, she noticed that some students were yawning. Based on her interpretation of the students‘ yawning, Mattie decided that she is a boring teacher. This is an example of the process. a. socialization - . - - . b. resocialization * “WW? (6+ (GO‘C hens © “looking—glass self" ‘d. “taking the role of significant others” 10. Morrisis 3_years of age and is just beginning to talk. He can count to 10 and knows that if he drops a rock It WI” fali to the ground. According to Piaget, Morris is in the stage. a. sensorirnotor i) Sensor- b. concrete operational @ preoperationa‘l «7-) 0(3‘07 d. formal operational 3) Concrete 40 Ram“ 11. In Freud's theory, the represents the pleasure—seeking aspect of our personaiity. 6) id '- u l - ‘ b. ego Wbor‘n obr-weS+ desires c. superego d. libido 12.. “I strongly believe that human beings are molded by their experiences. I have no doubt that, given sufficient time and training, I can produce a person with particular habits, interests, and personality traits." In terms of the “nature versus nurture" debate, the author of the preceding statement exemplifies which viewpoint? 33:35:. Nature v6. 7’erer c. Both d. Neither 13. Maria was a confident, poised, and intelligent girl. She developed a positive self—concept in response to the way that others reacted to her and treated her. This explanation is based on the concept of: . the socialization process. H o ‘2 Peg“..— is) the looking-glass self. 3? Owa We c. narcissism. +0 QM d. egotism. _———_————_____ 14.. The stage known as adolescence does not’exist in most preindustrial societies, because they lack systems of @ extended education b'. childiafior c. military defense _ d. initiation 15. The reading “Genie: A Case of Childhood Isolation" is a study of a well-behaved deaf-mute b a virtually unsocialized person c. heredity overcoming deprivation d. the effect of low K) on personality 101QZ2F03/KI : cp1¢ 10. The son of a carpenter becoming a school teacher experiences: a. upward intragenerational mobility. -0 b. horizontal mobility. /" structural mobility. upwardenerational mobility. 11. Which of the following best summarizes Howard Becker's view of deviance? Deviance comes not from acts, but from reactions to the acts. - Deviance comes from acts. c. Deviance is defined solely by the ruling elite. d. Deviance serves a function. inter— between Int—ca - wilthifl WrmlsiG“OL 12. Chambliss‘s observations of the Saints and the Roughnecks present an example of what theory of deviance? ‘ a. Control theory Differential association theory Labelin theory . Straint eory 13. Social rewards for conformity and punishment for nonconformity are called a. incentives ' 4b. labels stigmas ® sanctions 14. Which theory of deviance is closely associated with the functionalist perspective? a Differential—association theory ; maple (earn about CLEVk'CunQp time's”?h 999’” ' ‘nlemc'llom Structural-strain theory "-RXlCrH onoclfiffl‘ . Cultural—transmission theory— d. Labeling theory, symboih'c- 1‘0 +er ach’oncsf L7 ncuv‘ves r tweets 15. “Law reflects the interests of the elites in a society. This explains why offenses commonly committed by the upper classes are treated more leniently than offenses typically commrtted by the lower classes. This argument is consistent with a. functionalism @ &ifferential-association theory Con—PHC“ be+ween ,w J" —~——-—I°U‘Jer 0015895 con ictt eo struc ura s rain theory loloz3F03/Krmp/d (luff? 9. From the fu nctlonalist’s perspective, the family is responsible for replacing population, socializing the young, protecting its members, providing social status, and a. enforcing political views b. ensuring a livelihood requiringjustice d providing emotional support —-~——..._....—_' 10. In most traditional societies, marriage is regarded as: a. a love match. b. a way to fulfill the cou le's erotic desires. _ a bond that can be bro en if one mate feels unhappy. (city a practical economic arrangement. 11. An institutionalized, formal education system is common to: 9 modern, not traditional, societies. . traditional, not modern, societies. c. higher, not elementary or secondary, education. d. socialist, not capitalist, systems. 12. The schools in the United States have always had a “melting pot" function, in that they help immigrant children to be assimilated into the dominant culture. This is an example of which function of education? a. Innovation b. Screening and selection c. Social integration Cultural deprivation 13. According to the conflict perspective, education is: a. the one institution that facilitates change and improves everyone‘s prospects for social mobility. . ® a means of getting or keeping wealth and privilege in society: MEG-"5 0'9 regenero‘kmn c. a means of isolating young people and encouraging them to form distinctive youth cultures. d. the agency primarily responsible for the creation of the class system. 14.. Ken was a bright student, but because he performed poorly on an intelligence test, he was placed in a low-ability track. Ken came to believe that he was a slow student, and he never achieved much in school. The most plausible explanation for this lack of success is . peer—group influences ‘ labeling c. familyexpectations d. cultural background 15. James Coleman‘s famous report on American education concluded that: '3. predominantly black schools were notoriously underfunded compared to predominantly " white schools. b. average black students performed at about the same level as average white students. c. academic achievement is highly correlated with the amount of money spent on teachers’ 0 salaries, libraries, laboratories, and so forth. d academic achievement is related to_sociai~clafis background, not to the amount of money spent on education. loloz4F03/K1:cp/d Q»? 10. Which of the following us NOT one of the fundamentals of US. political philosophy? a. Free public education b. Freedom of religion Socialism Private ownership of property 11. In general, what route to political participation do immigrants take? a. They first organize on the basis of class. b. They first organize on the basis of gender. g) They first organize on the basis of ethnicity. . They first organize on the basis of age. 1).. The diffusion of power among many interest control of the government, is referred to as a. pluralism anarchy c. democratic equality d. democratic egalitarianism groups, preventing any single group from gaining 13. According to functionalists, who rules in the United States? a. Corporate leaders b. Elected officials Military leaders d. Power is shared among many groups in the United States. 14. Exposure to brutality and killing often causes , the process of reducing people to objects that do not deserve to be treated as humans. @ dehumanization . objectification c. animaiization d. reductionism 15. According to C. Wright Mills, to what does the term “power elite” refer? @ The t0p cor orate leaders, the most powerful military generals and admirals . Members 0 the upper-upper class c. Military leaders d. The voting public 101o25F03/K1mp/d ...
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SOC101 f03 Quiz 1-5 - Sociology 101 Dr. Kenji Ima Quiz 1...

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