Second Midterm Study Guide

Second Midterm Study Guide - Chapter 7 Possessives I...

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Chapter 7: Possessives I. Possessive Adjectives Singular Plural Singular Plural M F M F mon Ma mes my notre notre nos our ton Ta tes your votre votre vos your son Sa ses His/her/its leur leur leurs their Agree in gender and number with the thing possessed. DO NOT AGREE W/ POSSESSOR (In English is opposite) Must be used before EACH noun EX) Mon pere et ma mere sont parties ce matin MON/TON/SON Modify feminine singular nouns when the word immediately following these forms begins with a vowel sound II. Possessive Adjectives with Nouns Parts of the Body Definite article used with nouns denoting parts of the body except: - If ambiguity would result from the use of the article - Usually if the part of the body is modified - If the part of the body is the subject of the sentence Subject of sentence performs an action with a part of his/her body That part of the body modified by the definite article EX) - Marie leve la main - Jean tourne la tete Subject performs an action on some part of his/her body That part of the body modified by the definite article, reflexive pronoun placed before the verb EX) - Marie se lave la figure - Je me suis casse la jambe - Jean, tu t’es brosse les dents ce matin ? Subject performs an action on a part of someone else’s body That part of the body modified by the definite article, and an indirect object pronoun is placed before the verb EX) - Marie lave la figure de Jean. - L’infermiere frotte le dos du malade. Part of the body as subject of English sentence Avoid having part of the body as subject of sentence in French If you must, in general use “avoir” when part of the body is subject EX) - Il a les cheveux bruns - J’ai mal a ma gorge. Attitude/state of being as part of the body Position/state of a part of the body = modify the part of the body w/ definite article EX) - Il est rentre la tete baissee. - Bernard aime lire les pieds sur le bureau. III. Possessive Pronouns
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Singular Plural M F M F Le mien La mienne Les miens Les miennes Mine Le tien La tienne Les tiens Les tiennes Yours Le sien La sienne Les siens Les siennes His/hers/its Le notre La notre Les notres Les notres Ours Le votre La votre Les votres Les votres Yours Le leur La leur Les leurs Les leurs Theirs Agree in gender and number with the object possessed rather than the possessor Regularly take the lace of nouns modified by a possessive adjective Showing possession such as “this” Possession after etre is by a + DISJUNCTIVE PRONOUN When the possession pronoun is used instead, the idea of the possessor is stressed Often expressed by use of indirect object w/ form of “appartenir” EX) - Ce livre est a moi - Ce livre m’appartient - Ce livre est le mien. = This book is mine
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This note was uploaded on 05/06/2008 for the course FRENCH 401 taught by Professor Racevskis during the Winter '07 term at Ohio State.

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Second Midterm Study Guide - Chapter 7 Possessives I...

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