chapter3part1 - Evolutionary Genetics Inheritance is...

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Evolutionary Genetics Inheritance is understood now as a particulate function, which means that biological traits are governed by individual factors, not a single agent. Inheritance is governed by genes , understood as a portion of the DNA molecule that codes for a functional product, usually a protein.
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How do genes work? A monk named Gregor Mendel stumbled on the idea of inheritance, while working on botanical studies. At the chemical level, the genetic code is a set of directions for the production or synthesis of protein from amino acids. This comes from the food we eat, and protein, in the form of enzymes is the basis of the cell’s chemical reactions.
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Genetic code Genetic code is found in the nucleus of the cell,on long strands called chromosomes. A chromosome is made up of a protein core, and strands of nucleic acid- deoxyribonucleic acid- that carries the code.
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The shape of DNA is a double helix, or a twisted ladder. At each rung of the
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This note was uploaded on 05/06/2008 for the course ANTHROPOLO ANTH 01 taught by Professor Greathouse during the Spring '08 term at Mt. SAC.

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chapter3part1 - Evolutionary Genetics Inheritance is...

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