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Chapter4-6 - Dylan Stawarek EDU 250 Chapter 4 1 Early...

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Dylan Stawarek EDU 250 10/08/07 Chapter 4 1. Early education was influenced by many European thinkers. Comenius influenced education because he was the person who started the idea of having different types of school for students of different ages. Nursery school for children birth to age six, elementary school for children six to twelve, Latin school for children thirteen to eighteen and Academy for gifted children aged nineteen to twenty- four. Locke and Rousseau influenced education because they believed that the mind can learn anything and that children learned from imitation. Pestalozzi’s influence on education was the thought that a teacher should provided experiences that appealed to all the senses when teaching concepts and skill rather than relying on verbal instruction. Frobel started the first kindergarten and had the students learn through the use of educational games. 2. Education in the southern colonies was mainly for children of the plantation owners and reading was stressed so that the children could read the bible. The slaves rarely received any type of education. The middle colonies schools were set up by religious groups and were called parochial schools. The New England Colonies set up town schools with the Massachusetts Act of 1642 and the Massachusetts Act of 1647. 3. Religion played an important role in schooling. The southern schools were primarily run and taught by religion. The text book was the Holy Bible and they thought education should help save souls. In the north, there was a greater separation between church and schooling, yet schooling was still greatly
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influenced by church. The industrial revolution played an important role in the development of schooling because people wanted to learn more about mechanics then they did about philosophy or poetry. Women and children didn’t attend school anymore because they had to fulfill the labor needs of the newly industrialized country. Slaves during this time received schooling based upon their owners.
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