Cold War in Cuba - Cold War in Cuba o Some Background on Cuba Spanish American War Platt Amendment(revoked promise for Cuban sovereignty By late 1930s

Cold War in Cuba - Cold War in Cuba o Some Background on...

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Cold War in Cuba o Some Background on Cuba Spanish American War: Platt Amendment (revoked promise for Cuban sovereignty) By late 1930s US investment in Cuba was huge party of Cuba’s economy There was resentment regarding US influence over Cuban affairs Cuban leader Ramon Grau San Martin (leftist prof) tried to reduce US government, business influence on Cuba Especially after the Great Depression US responded by supporting the Cuban military officer Francisco Batista - overthrew San Martin in 1934 DUDE DAB GN policy? o Batista, the US, and Cuba Served 4 year term as President (1940-1944), returned to Presidency in 1952 after organizing coup that overthrew elected government, grew more corrupt Batista’s relationship with the US was complicated “Batista had always leaned towards the US. I don’t think we ever had better friends. It was regrettable, like all South Americans, that he was known...to be getting a cut...in almost all the things that were done. But on the other hand, he was doing an amazing job.” - Arthur Gardner, US Ambassador to Cuba Cuban people didn’t like Batista US investment in Cuba aids elite Cubans only Push to diversify investments outside of sugar Organized crime for US citizens o Resistance to Batista Unrest grew, eventually spread to include large segments of Cuban society (middle class). There was dissatisfaction about economic control, who gains/benefits. Furthermore, fewer people held jobs as factories didn’t need as many workers Goal of Cuban Revolutionaries: Major social and economic reform, end land eviction, reduce seasonal unemployment, economic inequalities, discrepancies between rich and poor Fidel Castro was Batista’s most vocal opponent. He was the son of a Spanish immigrant, he was a lawyer, a nationalist. At the time, he wasn’t a communist.
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