ntresurrection 03

ntresurrection 03 - 1 Resurrection In The New Testament The...

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Resurrection In The New Testament The earliest testimony about the resurrection is found in 1 Cor 15:3-5. Paul, writing in the mid-50’s, quotes a tradition that he “had received” (15:3a) and claims that it is identical with the confession of the Jerusalem church (15:11). If Paul “received” this tradition from the Jerusalem church, it may have originated very shortly after the resurrection appearances ceased. The confession consists of four lines of varying lengths: Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures He was buried He has been raised on the third day in accordance with the scriptures He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve The second and fourth lines offer evidence to support the claims made in the first and third lines. Christ died. How do we know? He was buried. You don’t bury people alive if you can help it. Christ was raised. How do we know? He appeared to reliable witnesses. Notice that the empty tomb is not claimed as evidence for the resurrection. Testimonies about the empty tomb made their way into the Gospel narratives a decade or more after Paul’s death, but Paul never mentions the empty tomb. Why not? The answer is found in Matthew 27:62-66; claims based on the empty tomb were too easy to dismiss. A skeptic could say that Jesus’ followers stole his body, or that the woman had gone to the wrong tomb by mistake. But the claim that the Risen Lord had appeared was self- validating. One either believed it or denied it, but there was no way to disprove it. A great deal of information is conveyed by the verb used to speak about the resurrection: egegertai , “he has been raised up.” The verb is in the perfect tense. The Greek perfect is used to speak about an action that took place in the past, but that has continuing effects in the present, so literally, “he has been raised up and is still alive now.” This is consistent with Paul’s claim in Romans 6:9: “Christ, raised from the dead, will die no more.” This claim is qualitatively different from the claims made about people whom Jesus raised from the dead during his ministry:
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This note was uploaded on 05/06/2008 for the course REL 1310 taught by Professor Holleyman during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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ntresurrection 03 - 1 Resurrection In The New Testament The...

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