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Unformatted text preview: Week 12 AH 120 15 th Century Art and Architecture in the North (15 th ) • Innovation of oil paint→ doesn’t show brush strokes • causes a smooth surface, color is not dull, doesn’t dry out • get glowing effect from a glaze that was produced Limbourg Brothers, February, Tres Riches Heures of the Duke of Berry, Flanders • Book of Hours • Made for wealthy patron→ Duke of Berry • This is an introductory page in the book of hours • Tonality is browns and quieter colors • Develop one of the first winter landscapes→ show a foreground, middleground and background • Colors are less intense at a distance→ shows an understanding of depth and space • Realistic details→ foot prints in the snow • House is cut away so that viewer can see what is going on instead • Showing common life Robert Campin, (Master of Flemalle), Annunciation, Merode Altarpiece • Oil paint • Altarpiece made for a family, not for a church→ made for private devotion triptiks (?) • Brings a person to become part of this moment • Annunciation takes place inside the patron’s home • Old testament figure of Isaiah shown in one of the side panels- also rose bush is shown → gives meaning of future paradise - OT figure is the past - Patrons shown are the present - combines present, past and future elements • light is shown coming from one direction • get a 3-D effect with the modeling of the faces and the lighting • figures are solid • space is not shown correctly - space is supposed to shown as a window- idea of 2 parallel lines appearing to converge at a distance- this is not the case in this painting→ doesn’t give an apparent convergence - table top is pushed up towards the viewer (like San Vitale) → shows the importance of items on the table • Mary is below the level of the angel Gabriel • Coats of arms is shown in the windows in the center painting of the donors • Shapiro reading→ ordinary objects have hidden meanings in relation to the contents of the painting • Objects in the room are shown more naturalistically/realistically • Details of ordinary objects of sacred meanings- basin: Mary’s purity as a vessel, vessel for the Incarnation of Christ - towel: cleanliness→ refers to Mary’s spiritual cleanliness → her virginity - vase with lilies: lilies refers to Virgin’s chastity, purity - one of the lilies is still a bud→ depicts the moment when god becomes man as Christ - candle that has just gone out: flame is Christ’s divinity, the melting wax is interpreted as when God becomes human, or referred to as a wedding candle • light comes through the class but does not break the glass→ shows miraculous conception of Christ → shows Christ coming in through the window carrying a cross (Christ Child’s descent) • towel and vase indicates an attempt to show a Jewish sacred space - towel looks like Jewish prayer shawl- looks like Hebrew written on the vase - table with 16 sides→ 16 prophets→ Hebrew altar...
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- Fall '07
- Jan van Eyck, Mary Magdalene