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Week 15 AH 120

Week 15 AH 120 - Week 15 AH 120 High Renaissance in...

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Week 15 AH 120 High Renaissance in Florence and Milan Leonardo da Vinci, Vitruvian Man Important for concept of architecture in the Renaissance Shows the relationship of man to the circle and the square→ ideal form for building churches at this time Confirms the idea that “man is the measure of all things” Pure geometric forms are based on the human body→ gives a fundamental truth about the world→ that circle is the ideal form Leonardo da Vinci, Last Supper Developed a system of using oil and tempera on plaster causing it to be damaged and peel Christ is placed in the center of the image Attention is directed to Christ through linear perspective and the vanishing point Christ is depicted as a triangular figure→ stable figure, symmetry Also three windows behind Christ signal the Trinity Disciples are put into groups of 3 One consistent light source, uses light and shadow to model figures Judas is singled out by being the only one leaning onto the table and also shows him taking bread→ bread symbolizes Christ and shows that he is unworthy Significant that Judas’ hand is shown on the table Leonardo emphasizes the reaction of each of the disciples after Christ reveals that someone will betray him→ shows disciples questioning if it is them that will be the betrayer Christ is a stable and calm form→ the stability of his form gives a sense of quiet Painting is of the Last Supper: Jesus tells his disciples that someone will betray him and what is depicted is the reaction of all the disciples→ shows human emotions Painting also holds a lot of symbolism All the disciples are arranged in 4 groups of 3 people, Jesus is in the shape of a triangle→ throughout painting there is the use of the pyramid and the number 3 - 3 windows behind Christ→ holy trinity - Triangle: serenity, reason, stability Number 3 also refers to divinity while 4 refers to what is earthly Figures are modeled with the use of light and shadow→ chiaroscuro Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa The patron of this painting was the husband of the women in the painting→ Florentine cloth merchant The painting has yellowed because of the glazes that Leonardo used on the painting→ he was interested in these glazes because he wanted to create a hazy atmosphere Sfumato- “smoky” wanted to create this look of smokiness
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Painting shows atmospheric perspective→ traditional for figure to be in from of the landscape Leonardo incorporates Lisa into the landscape→ new process of integrating the figure into the background→ landscape goes up to eye-level This painting may signify fertility but also her virtue→ her virtue as a wife Sfumato gives an effect on the figure’s mouth and ideas→ gives her more of an expression
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Week 15 AH 120 - Week 15 AH 120 High Renaissance in...

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