Week 5 - Week 5 Etruscan Period 500BCE believed to be mix of southern Italians Estruscans dominate western side greeks dominate eastern side

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Week 5 Etruscan Period 500BCE - believed to be mix of southern Italians - Estruscans dominate western side, greeks dominate eastern side - Archaic moment in time - Ancestor of ROmans Apollo, Temple at Veii (not responsible for temple but one of the figures) - Has columns, pediment, architrave like Greek temple - Behind row of columns is a building, also raised podium differences from Greek temple - Made of sun-dried brick and wood instead of stone - Location for a shrine - Decorative and ornate only on the façade Large figure, size of archaic Greek sculpture Arm is projected outward towards space Geometric eyes and archaic smile More active rather than static Decorative Made of terracotta, different from greek kourous instead of stone Instead of Greek archaic- males nude, Etruscan males were partially clothed Stance is of a stride rather than that of archaic figures with one foot forward Sarcophagus, from Cerveteri necropolis - tombs that have been cut into the earth, circular tombs, dug into porous dirt that hardens when exposed to air - placed in ideal location - tomb looked like domestic houses belief in an after-life where it people could take everything from previous life with them - decorated tombs with domestic objects made of terracotta, there is a couple carved on the sarcophagus contains ashes of the person for whom it was made figures are reclined, relate well to one another, they are happy and content possibility that it is a portrait but still abstract like archaic art, have archaic smile tomb is less cold and somber figures are lively and wear contemporary hair and clothing styles Musicians and Dancers, Tomb of the Lionesses painted tomb, painted chamber shape of tomb looks like a tent from the inside gives idea of the previous life of the dead shows the world the dead had lived in and how they want to carry it into after life woman is shown with lighter skin than the man
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male and female figures reclining and eating, on the other wall people playing instruments and dancing shows how people want to bring in entertainment with them into the after-life dry frescoe art is geometric, flat and 2-D Republican Period 100 BCE Aulus Metellus life-size know who the figure is because name is inscribed on the sculpture he was a member of the senate right arm is radically extended presented as an orator someone who is speaking outstretched arm is a gesture of speech wearing a toga face portrait: wrinkles shown in face, shows that he is someone that works for the face, emphasis on the individual Temple of Portunus god of fortune high podium, many steps going up columns going all the way around, but some columns are built into the wall (engaged to the wall) room behind the columns that housed the cult statue related to Greek and Etruscan tradition of architecture uses ionic order untraditionally- freestanding columns and some columns are engaged
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This note was uploaded on 05/06/2008 for the course AHIS 120g taught by Professor Malone during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Week 5 - Week 5 Etruscan Period 500BCE believed to be mix of southern Italians Estruscans dominate western side greeks dominate eastern side

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