Week 4 - Week 4 Transitional (Early Classical) Period 480...

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Week 4 Transitional (Early Classical) Period 480 BCE - Greeks became conscious of their own identity after being defeated by the Persians makes Persians seem like barbarians - Division between west and east - Athenians finally defeat Persians with the help of Spartans - Athenians saw themselves as superior to the Spartans Kritios Boy Smaller than the Kouros, not a grave marker, no funerary purpose Found on acropolis could have represented a greek hero This is the early classical style to attempt to see how the body works Weight is put onto right leg shows hip shift and very slight tilt of the shoulder (not apparaent) No longer have the archaic smile, more severe/serious face Face is fuller, broad rounded chin Muscles are developed, still an interest in anatomy Spin is curved Charioteer Bronze statue, clothed hard to see the distribution in weight Most statues made in bronze and appeared to look more life-like because of the inserted stone eyes Dedicated by the tyrant of the Greek state to celebrate his victory in the chariot race of Delphic games Perhaps there is an idea of self-discipline and self perfection Depicts a youthful aristocrat dignity and self-control Slight twist in torso, one foot does bear the weight Animated with eyes made of glass “glass paste” Young Warrior Bronze statue, possibly a whole group of bronze statues Shows same understanding of dist. of weight found in the Doryphoros Great emphasis on muscles and originally would have held a shield and spear shows ideal heroic warrior Very life-like has glass paste eyes, have eyelashes and silver teeth, includes veins on the hands (detailed/ considers human features) Looks a little more ferocious and active High Classical Period 450 BCE - by this time, there is a great attempt to understand the human body - Athens is very successful rebuild the Parthenon after war - civic and religious monument
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- Persians had devastated this area and wanted to rebuild for Athena, symbol of their optimism to move forward - Venetians blew it up on accident while fighting the Turks - Pericles- leader of Athenians, established moment of prosperity when the Acropolis is rebuilt, uses money given by allies to rebuild - Have war with Sparta - Parthenon represents freedom, democracy etc Polykleitos, Doryphoros Weight is put on right leg spine will curve, hip shifts w/ weight shift and opposite shoulder will tilt upward this means that greeks understand the concept of distribution in weight Most admired statue of the high classical period Originally created in bronze this is a copy made of stone In order to stand, it needs a tree trunk in the background to hold it up if it was in bronze it would not need this support Contra posto- “counter pose” counter balancing to the figure gives him the sense of movement, head is turned to the side/not frontal Canon- standard of proportions, head is 1:7 to the body
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Week 4 - Week 4 Transitional (Early Classical) Period 480...

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