CCGL16L7s - When we understand youth we are understanding youth and non-youth 1 2 At least two categories in a social division Long lasting Socially

CCGL16L7s - When we understand youth we are understanding...

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1 CCGL9007 YOUTH IN A GLOBAL WORLD Lecture Seven Social construction of youth and culture When we understand youth, we are understanding youth and non-youth box2 At least two categories in a social division box2 Long lasting box2 Socially constructed box2 Different life chances and life styles box2 Movement across divide(s) is slow or rare box2 Shared social identity box2 Universally inclusive box2 Universal systematic features of human societies (Payne, 2000, pp.242-3) 2 Life Chances of youth across the world box2 Physical health box2 Psychological health box2 Food and shelter box2 Education box2 Social life box2 Family life box2 Cultural life box2 Consumption box2 Production 3 Social Construction Theory box2 Essentialism : the tenet that human behavior is “natural”, predetermined by genetic, biological, or physiological mechanism and thus not subject to change. box2 Essentialism guides the way we order our social world and determines what we value as well as what we devalue. box2 We particularly have essentialist ideas of out-group (non-Chinese, gay, old people) (Ore, 2000, p.5) 4
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Social Construction Theory box2 Social constructionist theories focus on everyday interactions and often emphasize the importance of words, social categories, and classifications to demonstrate how different categories of people are created and ranked. box2 These categories are social invented , not fixed in nature. (Hurst, 2004, p.207) 5 Social Construction Theory box2 Accepted definitions and classifications for individuals and behaviors are generally invented by those who have economic, political, or social power. box2 Consequently, the categories/classifications often reflect their interests and result in dividing up the social world in a manner that privileges them . box2 Example: measurement of IQ (Hurst, 2004, p.207) 6 Social Construction Theory box2 We learn about these categories through social interaction , and we are given meanings and values for these categories by our social institutions, peers, and families. (Ore, 2000, p.5) 7 Social Construction Theory box2 Objective reality box5 Externalization (outside product, gender) box5 Objectification (impersonalize the product) box5 Internalization (think this is natural) box2 Subjective reality box5 Primary socialization box5 Secondary socialization 8
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Primary and secondary socialization box2 Primary socialization box5 Childhood socialization into the society box2 Secondary socialization box5 Adult socialization into new roles box5 Life transitions 9 What Construct Social Divisions? Three contexts (Ore, 2000, pp.8-9): 1. Institutional context : an institution is the set of rules and relationships that govern the social activities in which we participate to meet our basic needs.
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