CCGL16L2s - 1 Revision(1 2 Youth all over the world puberty is affected by Presence of sexually mature partners Nutrition SES history heredity ethnicity

CCGL16L2s - 1 Revision(1 2 Youth all over the world puberty...

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1 CCGL9007 YOUTH IN A GLOBAL WORLD Lecture Two Self, identity, emotion and personality Revision (1) box2 Youth all over the world, puberty is affected by box5 Presence of sexually mature partners box5 Nutrition, SES, history, heredity, ethnicity, box5 Fat cells box5 Stress, excessive exercise, illness box2 Body development affects behaviors and self- esteem box2 Brain development: increase of fat layers, prefrontal cortex and amygdala 2 Revision (2) box2 Heredity-environment Correlations box5 Passive (inborn characteristics regardless of environment) box5 Evocative (a person shows hints to environment for further support) box5 Niche-picking (Active person chasing the optimal environment) 3 Revision (3) box2 Adolescents use hypothetical-deductive reasoning more box2 Thinking fallacy box5 Personal fables box5 Gambling because of self-perceived uniqueness 4
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Today’s lecture box2 Youth in context (individual vs. environment) box2 Personality box2 Self box2 Identity box2 Emotion/Temperament 5 Youth in environment box2 Man: internal dispositions, more or less stable box5 Personality: a blend of emotions, temperament, thought and behavior that makes each person unique box2 Situations: sum of all recognized information, from the point of view of the actor Three different personality variables box2 Traits box2 Schemas box5 Values box5 Attitudes box5 Beliefs box2 Motives box5 Achievement box5 Belongingness box5 Autonomy Facts on Big 5 box2 Heredity (45 – 60%) box2 From youth to adulthood: agreeableness, conscientiousness yet neuroticism, extraversion and openness 8
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Can personality predict behavior? box2 Single behavior box2 Aggregated behavior box2 Type A/ Type B personality box5 Type A: high ambitiousness, hostility, time-urgency, competitiveness, impatience and irritability box5 Type B: Easy going and relaxed Situationism box2 Behavior is highly situation-specific, not cross-situationally consistent box2
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