Leadership (1) - The most important leadership competencies according to leaders around the world What does the word leader mean to you Ronald Regan who

Leadership (1) - The most important leadership competencies...

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The most important leadership competencies, according to leaders around the world What does the word “leader” mean to you? Ronald Regan who is the 40 th president of United States said that the great leader is not necessarily the one who does the greatest things. He is the one that gets the people do the greatest things. The objective of this paper is to identify the qualities that make a great leader. From the studies of 195 leaders in 15 countries over 30 global organizations, participants were asked to choose the 15 most important leadership competencies from the lists of 74. The researcher has grouped the top ones into 5 major themes that suggest leadership development programs and a set of priorities for leaders. 1.Demonstrates strong ethics and provides a sense of safety.
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Ethics refers to the appropriate and desirable values and morals according to anindividual and the society. Ethical theories on leadership explain about 2 main things: a)the behavior and actions of leaders and b) the personality and character of leaders. Aleader influences and drives the subordinates to achieve a common target. It is an ethicaljob of leader to treat his followers with respect as each of them has a unique personality.Also, leaders can built the ethical environment in an organization because they have aninfluential role and due to the fact that leaders have an influence in developing theorganization values. There are 5 characteristics of effective and ethical leader. - Dignity and respectfulness: Respecting the subordinates implies listeningeffectively to them, being liberal to hear opposing viewpoints and being compassionate tothem. It also implies treating the followers in a manner that authenticate their beliefs andvalues. - Justice: An ethical leader must treat all subordinates equally and should be no personal bias. - Honesty: Honest leader presents the circumstances truly and completely, nomatter how harmful and critical the fact may be. He does not misrepresent any facts thatmake him earn respect of their followers. - Serving others: An ethical leader should place subordinate’s interests ahead of hisinterest. He should be humane and act in the manner that is always fruitful for theirfollowers.- Community building: An ethical leader considers his own purpose andsubordinates’ purpose, while making an effort to achieve the targets suitable to both ofthem. He works harder for the community goals and does not overlook the followers’intention.Moreover, leaders must clearly communicate their expectations for the team’sperformance and expected outcomes to align each area of the organization with theoverall vision and mission. There are some strategies to communicate expectations in theright way.
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- Declare very high expectations: Ordinary expectation may be self- defeating
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