Phil110 Midterm2 s06

Phil110 Midterm2 s06 - Philosophy 110 Exam Two Naw...

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Unformatted text preview: Philosophy 110 Exam Two Naw Neuner/Spring 2005 Please write your name on this exam and on your scantron. On your scantron, bubble in your Red ID No. on the same side as your answers. Also, bubble Test Form A on your scantron. 1. Evaluating Deductive Arguments If Chargers win today’s game, then they will win the Superbowl (F). The Chargers win today's game (F). Therefore, they will win the Superbowl. 1. The above argument is (A) Valid (B) Invalid 2. The above argument is (A) Sound (B) Unsound Some apples are fruits (T). Some snacks are fruits (T). Therefore, all snacks are apples. 3. The above argument is (A) Valid (B) Invalid 4. The above argument is (A) Sound (B) Unsound If Kobe Bryant is a professional basketball player, then Kobe Bryant is an athlete (T). Kobe Bryant is not an athlete (F). Therefore, Kobe Bryant is not a professional basketball player. 5. The above argument is (A) Valid (B) Invalid 6. The above argument is (A) Sound (B) Unsound If Tiger Woods is a professional golfer, then Tiger Woods is a politician (F). Tiger Woods is not a professional golfer (F). Therefore, Tiger Woods is not a politician. 7. The above argument is (A) Valid (B) Invalid 8. The above argument is (A) Sound (B) Unsound Every American actor is a liberal Democrat (F). Nicholas Cage is an American actor (T). Therefore, Nicholas Cage is a liberal Democrat. _ 9. The above argument is (A) Valid (B) Invalid 10. The above argument is (A) Sound (B) Unsound II. Evaluating Inductive Arguments 20% of Democrats oppose the new tax bill (F). Hillary Clinton is a Democrat (T). Therefore, Hillary Clinton probably opposes the new tax bill. 11. The above argument is p (A) Strong (B) Weak 12. The above argument is (A) Cogent (B) Uncogent Most dogs are four-legged animals (T). Sam is a four-legged animal (F). Therefore, Sam is probably a dog. ’ 13. The above argument is (A) Strong (B) Weak . 14. The above argument is (A) Cogent (B) Uncogent Most birds can fly (T). Penguins are birds (T). Hence, penguins can probably fly. 15. The above argument is ' (A) Strong (B) Weak 16. The above argument is (A) Cogent (B) Uncogent 27. “What? You aren’t a Comhuskers fan? Listen, around here‘everybody is for the Huskers! This is Nebraska!” A. Appeal to Pity ' B. Straw man C. Group think D. Personal attack E. Scapegoating 28. So your stockbroker has tried to persuade you to buy 1000 shares of Macro Data. Well, I wouldn’t trust his arguments. He just wants to earn that fat commission on the sale. _ ,A. Two Wrongs Make a Right B. Circumstantial C. Straw man D. "Argument from Outrage E. Guilt Trip 29. Ms. Wilson has just argued for computer courses in our grade school. But you should all know that Wilson is a virtual moron who cannot even frame a coherent sentence. Clearly her argument is worthless. A. Appeal to Unqualified Authority B. Circumstantial C. Straw man D. Personal attack E. Inconsistency 30. No matter how hard I diet and exercise, I am never going to be as fit as Lance Armstrong. So, I might as well give up trying to stay in shape. I'll resign myself to being a couch potato. No matter how hard I diet and exercise, I am never going to be as fit as Lance Armstrong. So, I might as well give up trying to stay in shape. I'll resign myself to being a couch potato. A. Wishful Thinking B. Line Drawing Fallacy C. Perfectionist Fallacy D. Appeal to Vanity/Snobbery E. Hasty Generalization 31. It is true that several college professors have testified that these hallucinogenic drugs are harmless and nonaddictive, but these same professors have admitted to taking drugs themselves. We should certainly disregard their views. A. Guilt Trip Fallacy B. Circumstantial C. Straw man D. Scapegoating E. Inconsistency 32. You should turn to channel 6. It's the most watched channel this year. A. Subjectivism B. Circumstantial C. Begging the Question D. Common Practice E. Gambler's Fallacy 33. As I see it, either we enforce the death penalty or we eventually find the convicted murderer out on parole. We cannot have murderers going free, so we had better start enforcing the death penalty. A. Subjectivism B. Wishful Thinking C. Begging the Question D. Popularity/bandwagon E. False Dilemma 34. The two faith healers we’ve investigated have turned out to be flimflam artists. From this evidence we can safely conclude that all faith healers are flimflam artists. A. Scapegoating B. Line Drawing Fallacy C. Gambler's Fallacy D. Appeal to Tradition E. Hasty Generalization 35. It is not a good idea to put your child in a day care center. Separation from parents causes isolation and alienation. Soon the child becomes incapable of relating to other children, and this inability to . relate causes depression. As the child gets older, the depression leads to psychosis. The final result is either suicide or a life wasted in a mental institution. A. Two Wrongs Make a Right B. Slippery Slope C. Line-Drawing Fallacy D. Argument from Outrage E. Group Think WW Most birds can swim (F). Owls are birds (T). This implies that owls can probably swim. 17. The above argument is (A) Strong (B) Weak 18. The above argument is (A) Cogent (B) Uncogent Most birds can swim (F). Penguins can swim (T). So, penguins are birds. 19. The above argument is (A) Strong (B) Weak 20. The above argument is (A) Cogent (B) Uncogent III. Identifying Informal Fallacies Note: Some fallacies may appear more than once and others may not appear at all. 21. Dr. Anderson has argued that we dispense free hypodermic syringes to drug users because it would cut down on the spread of AIDS. Apparently the good doctor advocates drug use. Here we have more than a million addicts in this country, and the doctor would like to see even more of them! No, no, no! This is not a good idea! A. Appeal to vanity/snobbery B. Inconsistency C. Straw man D. Line-drawing fallacy E. Hasty generalization 22. This world is actually the best that could possibly exist. That follows from the fact that it Was created by an infinite and perfect God, and anything created by a perfect God must itself be perfect. How do we know that God is perfect? Because we can see his perfection reflected in the perfection of the world, for it is indeed the most perfect of all possible worlds. A. Subjectivism B. Straw man C. Apple Polishing D. Perfectionist fallacy E. Begging the Question 23. Don’t tell me I should wear my seat belt, for heaven’s sake. I’ve seen you ride a motorcycle without a helmet! _ . A. Circumstantial B. Subjectivism C. Common practice D. Personal attack E. Inconsistency ' 24. Surely this good doctor is not responsible for the death of his patient. The doctor has literally hundreds of patients, and he slaves night and day attending to their injuries and illnesses. On top of that, he contributes so much money to charity that he hardly has anything to live on. A. Appeal to Pity B. Common Practice C. Perfectionist Fallacy D. Personal attack E. Gambler's Fallacy 25. Student to classmate: “ I deserve to see your answers to the chemistry take-home, because if you don’t let me see them, I’m going to tell the lab instructor that you fabricated all the data on your last report. A. Common practice B. Strawman C. Personal Attack D. Appeal to Force I E. Appeal to Pity 26. Sure, driving after you’ve been drinking can get you into trouble with the law, but if you’re careful I don’t think there’s anything wrong with it. Just ask anyone and they’ll tell you the same thing. A. Appeal to Pity B. Popularity/bandwagon C. Begging the. Question D. Straw man E, Inconsistency 36. When an ordinary citizen hears of a crime, he or she should report it to the police. But a defense attorney is a citizen, just like everyOne else. Therefore, when a defense attorney learns in confidence that his or her client has committed a crime, he or she should report it to the police. A. Two Wrongs Make a Right B. Slippery Slope C. Common Practice D. False Dilemma - E. Weak Analogy — 37. Mrs. Smedley has had four boys in a row and she is pregnant again. Chances are, this next baby will be a girl. A. Peer Pressure B. Slippery Slope C. Line-Drawing Fallacy D. Gambler's Fallacy E. Hasty Generalization 38. All this talk about secondhand smoke causing cancer! I just don’t believe it. How does it happen? When does it happen? The first time you take a breath in a smoky room? The second time? The third? You can never pin it down exactly! A. Two Wrongs Make a Right B. Slippery Slope C. Line-Drawing Fallacy D. Argument from Outrage E. Perfectionist Fallacy 39. Johnnie Walker Red Label is the scotch for you. It is the only brand of scotch served in the most exclusive golf country clubs in California. A. Subjectivism B. Weak Analogy C. Perfectionist Fallacy D. Appeal to Vanity/Snobbery E. Hasty Generalization 40. Oops, no paper this morning. Somebody in our apartment building probably stole my newspaper. So, it is OK ifI steal one from my neighbor's doormat while no One is out here in the hallway. ‘ A. Inconsistency B. Personal Attack C. Line—Drawing Fallacy D. Wishful Thinking E. Two Wrongs Make a Right IV. Write a short essay summarizing and evaluating 931g of the analogies below: A. The People Seeds Analogy, or B. The Hypnotic Attacker Please write your essay on the lined notebook paper provided and staple this essay to your exam questions. ...
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Phil110 Midterm2 s06 - Philosophy 110 Exam Two Naw...

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