Ch09 - Chapter 9 THE RUSSIAN DOMAIN LEARNING OBJECTIVES -...

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Chapter 9 THE RUSSIAN DOMAIN LEARNING OBJECTIVES - This chapter introduces the region that includes Russia and its neighboring states of Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, and Armenia. This region has experienced an incredible degree of political upheaval since the 1990s and owes its existence in its current form to the breakup of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.). - The student should understand the role that the interaction between the United States and the U.S.S.R. has played in the 20th century in this region (especially after World War II). - The student should also understand the problems posed by a cold, northern climate. - In addition, the student should understand the differences between economic and political systems. - Upon completion of this chapter, students should be familiar with the physical, demographic, cultural, political, and economic characteristics of the Russian Domain. - Finally, students should understand the following concepts and models: · Centralized economic planning · Cold War · Permafrost · Glasnost and perestroika · Russification · Denuclearization -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CHAPTER OUTLINE I. Introduction This region includes Russia, along with its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, Georgia, and Armenia, all formerly part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R,), which dissolved in 1991. Russia is the largest country on the planet and spans 11 time zones. This region is vast and resource rich, although it also includes some of the harshest climates found on Earth. In studying this chapter, students may find similarities between the rise of the United States and the rise of Russian culture; certainly the two countries have been engaged politically (and potentially militarily) in a Cold War for most of the last half of the 20th century. This region has also experienced extremely rapid political and economic change in recent years, moving uneasily from an authoritarian centrally planned economy (communism) and superpower status toward democracy and a capitalist economy. Currently, the region’s economy is weak, its commitment to democracy uncertain, and continuing nationalist movements in Russia threaten stability. Ukraine, Belarus, Georgia, and Armenia must all work to develop their own global relationships. II. Environmental Geography: A Vast and Challenging Land (Fig. 9.2) A. A Devastated Environment (Fig. 9.2) 1. This region has some of the world’s most severe environmental degradation caused by industrialization, urbanization, careless resource extraction, and nuclear energy production; the problems here may have global impact 2. Air and water pollution; air pollution linked to clustering of industrial factories and minimal 119
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environmental controls; reliance on locally abundant, low-quality coal increases pollution; industrial pollution, raw sewage, oil spills, and seepage pollute water; pulp and paper factories built around
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Ch09 - Chapter 9 THE RUSSIAN DOMAIN LEARNING OBJECTIVES -...

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