course gender 2 - 1 A Identification Theory This theory...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1.) A.) Identification Theory: This theory states that both male and female children go through the same stages of personality development until they hit the age of four. These stages are called the oral and anal stages, during which the mother satisfies their needs and is their primary focus. However, at the age of four they split according to their gender because they become aware of their genitals. At which point the males start feeling what Freud calls “castration anxiety” which is caused by seeing a female’s gentiles. The boys feel anxious, he says, because they fear that they will suffer the same unfortunate fate of losing their penis if they are competitive with their father. Girls on the other hand feel what Freud calls “penis envy”, which is brought on by seeing the male penis. When she sees it she views it as superior to her vagina and feels that she has lost her penis at some point and wants it back. She begins to relate more with her mother as a means of getting closer with her father. She begins to view that she can have a penis in two ways, by engaging in sex and by bearing child. I an unable to see a strong enough correlation for the “Identification Theory” to convince me that the average boys and girls channeling into becoming stereotypical and socially functioning adults is sparked by “castration anxiety” and “penis envy”. I find it hard to believe that the standard child would fail to see the uniqueness and beauty in a vagina, and only see it as the scar of something that was worthy of awe. I believe that Sigmund Freud’s ideas on this were both revolutionary and thought provoking, but I feel that they to not apply to the norm, but rather to particular cases. B.) Social Learning Theory: This theory says that children identify their gender in two ways. First, they identify it after being repeatedly rewarded or criticized for actions that go along with their gender or go against it. Or second, they identify with their gender by seeing how others of the same gender act and mimic them.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/07/2008 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Shotwel during the Spring '08 term at Ivy Tech Community College.

Page1 / 3

course gender 2 - 1 A Identification Theory This theory...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online