sp102 - Chapter 5 Verb Tenses Imperative: Ud. and Uds....

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Chapter 5 Verb Tenses Imperative: Ud. and Uds. Regular Ud. Uds. -ar -e -en -er -a -an -ir -a -an Imperative: Ud. and Uds. Irregular Dar Estar ser ir Ud. Esté sea vaya Uds. Den estén sean vayan A FFIRMATIVE  C OMMANDS o Direct and indirect object pronoun attached to end of verb N EGATIVE  C OMMANDS o Pronoun is before the verb Imperative: 1st Person Plural A FFIRMATIVE  (L ET S  + V ERB ) o 1 st  Personal Plural present subjunctive o Vamos + infinitive N EGATIVE o Only 1 st  person plural present subjunctive I R o Vamos o No vayamos R EFLEXIVE  V ERB o   Pronoun attachment, drops last s Subjunctive: Doubt, Uncertainty, and Negation
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When the verb of the main clause expresses  doubt or uncertainty  the verb in the  subordinate clause is in the subjunctive Always follows  dudar   even without change of subjective Common expressions of doubt Es dificil it is unlikely Es  (im)posible(probable) it is  (im)possible(probable) Es dudoso it is doubtful Puede ser it may be No  creer  uses subjunctive, creer in a question if opinion is negative When the verb in the main clause  denies  what is in the subordinate clause Subjunctive: Indefinate or Inexistent  Used when the subordinate clause refers to an  indefinite, hypothetical, or  nonexistent  object or person Personal  a  not used Expressions That Require the Subjunctive or Indicitive S UBJUNCTIVE A fin de que in order that En caso de  que in case A menos que Unless Para que so that Antes que Before Sin que without Con tal (de) que provided that S UBJUNCTIVE   OR  I NDICITIVE Así que as soon as En cuanto as soon as Cuando When Hasta que until Después  se After Tan pronto  (como) as soon as o Subjunctive is used after certain conjunctions of time when main clause  expresses  future action  or is a command o If there is no indication of a future action, the indicitive is used
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Chapter 6 Verb Tenses Imperative: Tu’ y Vosotros Affirmative Negative Tu’ 3 rd  person singular present indicative Present subjunctive Vosotros Change r of infinitive to d Present subjunctive Tu’ Affirmative Irregular Decir Di Salir Sal Hacer Haz Ser Ir Ve Tener
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This note was uploaded on 05/07/2008 for the course SPANISH 0102 taught by Professor Yepes during the Spring '08 term at Fairfield.

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sp102 - Chapter 5 Verb Tenses Imperative: Ud. and Uds....

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