paper2 - Alison Lee Prager\/Johnson Section 1E Second Writing Assignment March 3 2015 Guidelines for Utopia In his explication The Division of Labor in

paper2 - Alison Lee Prager/Johnson Section 1E Second...

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Alison Lee Prager/Johnson Section 1E Second Writing Assignment March 3, 2015 Guidelines for Utopia: In his explication, The Division of Labor in Society, Emile Durkheim recognizes the existence of society and its influence on the individual. In contrast to other thinkers such as Marx and Weber, he believes that society is separate and affects the thoughts and behaviors of human beings. According to Durkheim, people live their lives based upon the social facts, functions and orders to make them feel unified with the rest of the community. He states that there are two forms of society and one of the key elements that determines its type is division of labor. A high rate of division of labor creates organic solidarity. Producing a fair system for the individual is the key to producing a more efficient society and it is explained in Durkheim’s passage “Forced Division of Labor.” There are certain inequalities that exist in order for division of labor to occur. These can be either beneficial or detrimental to creating Durkheim’s model of organic solidarity. He believes that social inequalities pose as a threat if they reflect external inequalities that prevent an individual from achieving their purpose. However, organic solidarity is still possible with social inequalities if they align with the natural inequalities. Organic solidarity to Durkheim is a type of society in which its citizens become highly specialized but still feel a connection to the rest. He believes that organic solidarity comprises of three elements: a high division of labor, low collective consciousness and reparative laws. These three parts will allow the individuals in the community to feel a sense of importance and belonging due to the fact that they will create a wide range of jobs and tasks that each individual must fulfill and specialize in. Durkheim relates this type of society to the human body. Every
organ has a specific job separate from each other and the sum of their functions determines the health of the body. The same concept is applied to people in society; their place is crucial because that man or woman will have a specific task that fits their abilities. This dynamic is more efficient and gives the individual a purpose and duty to exist in that system. While these are the

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