fcchoward stern essay

fcchoward stern essay - On the United States Congress...

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On December 15, 1791, the United States Congress ratified the Bill of Rights. In this Bill, there were 10 Amendments to the Constitution. The 1st Amendment stated: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or of the right of the people to peaceably assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances." (Bill of Rights, #41) In the 1st Amendment, the freedom of speech is guaranteed to citizens. Freedom of speech is important because it allows demonstrators of the other two rights (freedom of press and freedom of religion) to speak freely about how they feel and what they believe. Also, freedom of speech is vital to social change. This has been shown in the cases of tyranny, such as Fidel Castro in Cuba, when a tyrannical ruler takes over, speech is the first thing to go (Freedom of Speech, www.fos.org, #23). I will show how the First Amendment has protected Howard Stern from the Federal Communication Commission. There are few limits on freedom of speech. The first is stated by Supreme Court Justice Oliver W. Holmes, "the misuse of free speech to create a clear and present danger may be punished by the government." (Freedom of Speech, www.fos.org, #22). Secondly, during a time of war, freedom of speech is limited and Sedition Laws are placed into affect (Freedom of Speech, www.fos.org, #23). This is when people are prevented from speaking out against the government. Lastly, freedom of speech is limited on the radio and television systems. These limitations are set by the FCC (and challenged by Howard Stern). The Federal Communications Commission (FCC), was established in 1934. The agency was set up to regulate communications over the radio, TV, telegraph, and most recently, the Internet. The FCC regulates content in movies, by setting the ratings, and on radio and television. The regulations on television are set by TV ratings, such as TV-14 or TV-MA. The first rating means the show is suitable for viewers who are 14 years or older. The second rating means that the program is suitable for mature audiences only. Broadcasters who broadcast content that is
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against FCC policies are fined (FCC, www.fcc.gov). During the 1970's and 80's, the FCC defined indecency using a narrow policy called the "7 Dirty Words Policy". Each of the seven words would fall into the definition of indecency used today. However, this policy was very narrow, and not specific enough. It faced tough criticism from broadcasters and was later modified (Stengal, 1987, #32). Currently, the FCC's definition of indecency is: "language or material that depicts or describes, in terms patently offensive as measured by contemporary community standards for the broadcasting medium, sexual or excretory activities or organs" (Whitley, l988, #39). The FCC punishes those who violate their regulations for the broadcasting of
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fcchoward stern essay - On the United States Congress...

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