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Unformatted text preview: Palazzo Pubblico, Siena, 12881309 Siena one of the Italian citystates like Florence or Venice Wealthy because of silk trade Art expression of civic pride Artistically, stronghold of traditionalism, Italo Byzantine style Art in Siena Duccio's Maesta in Siena Duccio's Maest in Siena
Duccio di Buoninsegna, "Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints," central panel of Maest altarpiece, Siena cathedral, Siena, 13081311, tempera o/wood Central panel in 13feet high central altarpiece Duccio's Maest in Siena Iconography: Madonna enthroned surrounded by saints Crammed space for saints Gold background: Italo Byzantine tradition Virgin Mary patron saint of Siena: a religious monument with civic overtones Duccio's Maest in Siena Duccio's Maest in Siena
Detail from Duccio's back panel of the Maest: "Betrayal of Jesus" Relaxation of strict stylistic conventions in the principal panel (see also predella panels) Classical drapery Greater naturalism; rendering of nature, trees, rocks, etc. Still, gold background of ItaloByzantine tradition Simone Martini and the `International Style'
Simone Martini and Lippo Memmi (?), "Annunciation," 1333, Tempera o/wood Iconography: Gabriel announces to Virgin the birth of Christ child White lilies: purity, virginity Side panels: Saint Ansanus and Saint Margaret (?) Simone Martini and the `International Style' Martini was a pupil of Duccio in Siena Also worked for French kings in Naples and Sicily Came in touch with French art Absorbed influences from French Gothic style: hence, international style Gothic tracery of frame (orgives) Brilliant colors, lavish costumes, intricate ornaments Martini pushes tooling over the top The Lorenzetti Brothers: Pietro Lorenzetti
Pietro Lorenzetti, "The Birth of the Virgin," Altar of SaintSavinus, Siena Cathedral, Siena, 1342, Tempera o/wood Lorenzetti also a Sienese artist trained in Duccio's studio Iconography: Birth of Christ's mother The Lorenzetti Brothers: Pietro Lorenzetti Purpose: celebration of the Sienese patron saint: Religious monument with overtones of civic pride Obsession with three dimensional space; perspective in emphasized to attain this goal > greater realism Bright colors The Lorenzetti Brothers: Ambrogio Lorenzetti The Lorenzetti Brothers: Ambrogio Lorenzetti
Ambrogio Lorenzetti, "Peaceful City," from "Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country" Sala della Pace, Palazzo, Pubblicco, Siena, 1338 1339, fresco Located in Siena's town hall The Lorenzetti Brothers: Ambrogio Lorenzetti
Allegorical representation of what "good government" should help bring about: peace, prosperity, virtuous civic life Location in town hall makes it almost a work of propaganda art The Lorenzetti Brothers: Ambrogio Lorenzetti
Ambrogio Lorenzetti, "Peaceful Country," from "Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country" Sala della Pace, Palazzo, Pubblico, Siena, 1338 1339, fresco Message: Good government has the same effects of the countryside as one the city: peace, trade, prosperity Rolling hills of Tuscany Lorenzetti brothers likely to have died during plague epidemic of 1348 ("Black Death"): killed between 2550% of Europe's population The Lorenzetti Brothers: Ambrogio Lorenzetti ...
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- Spring '08