Unformatted text preview: ART 1441: Historical Survey of the Arts: Renaissance to Modern
Professor: Darius A. Spieth Art History Program LSU School of Art Outline Lecture 2 ProtoRenaissance vs. Renaissance The ItaloByzantine Style (Maniera greca): Berlingheri, Cimabue Rise of Naturalism in Padua: Giotto Religious Art in Siena: Duccio, Pietro Lorenzetti The `International Style': Martini Civic Art in Siena: Ambrogio Lorenzetti ProtoRenaissance vs. Renaissance Renaissance (French word used in English) Literal meaning of "Renaissance" = rebirth ("renascence") rinascita dell'antichit = Italian for "rebirth of antiquity" classical antiquity = the culture and civilization of ancient Greece and Rome Renaissance starts in c. 1400; ProtoRenaissance describes art of the previous two centuries that anticipates the coming of the Renaissance Classical Antiquity 600 B.C.-400 A.D. (1000 years) The Renaissance Begins c. 1400 Middle Age(s) 400-1400 (1000 years) Medio Evo "medieval"
Note: the letter "c." before a date (sometimes written "ca.") is an abbreviation for the Latin word circa, meaning "about" or "approximately." Italy: Home of Renaissance/ProtoRenaissance Independent City States, e. g. Florence, Siena, Venice Idea of civic pride, expressed through art Prosperity through commerce: Near and Far East, Northern Europe Centers of Humanist Learning: Literature, world view, and culture of Classical Antiquity as models to be emulated The ItaloByzantine Style (Maniera greca):
Bonaventura Berlinghieri, "Saint Francis Altarpiece," 1235, Tempera o/wood Tempera: Paint solution based on egg yolk Central panel altarpiece Iconography: Saint Francis of Assisi showing stigmata (Christ's wounds); anecdotes from his life The ItaloByzantine Style (Maniera greca):
Bonaventura Berlinghieri, "Saint Francis Altarpiece," 1235, Tempera o/wood Flat space Gold ground Pictorial conventions borrowed from the Eastern Mediterranean (Byzantium) Origins ItaloByzantine Style Late Antiquity: Roman Empire divided into a Western (Italy) and Eastern (Byzantine) half Refugee artist from socalled "Iconoclastic controversy" in the East introduce maniera greca The ItaloByzantine Style (Maniera greca):
Cimabue, "Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets," c. 12801290, tempera o/wood Gold, tooled background: typical for Byzantine art But: sense of three dimensional illusionism implied in depiction of the throne Giotto & Rise of Naturalism
Giotto di Bondone, "Madonna Enthroned," c. 1310, Tempera o/wood Trained by Cimabue Still ItaloByzantine, but: Even better sense of threedimensional space (throne) Naturalistic rendering of physiognomy (flesh tones) Giotto and the Arena Chapel Giotto and the Arena Chapel
Giotto di Bondone, "Interior of the Arena Chapel (Cappella Scrovegni)," fresco, Padua, 13051306 Small chapel next to Roman amphitheater Interior decoration in fresco secco (wet plaster) Giotto and the Arena Chapel Byzantine gold ground abandoned Barrel vault imitating a blue sky Masterwork of naturalist rendering (for its time) 38 framed picture panels Iconography: life of Mary and Christ Imitation marble veneer > technique copied from classical monuments Giotto and the Arena Chapel
Giotto di Bondone, "Lamentation," Arena Chapel, Padua, c. 1305, fresco Example of panels in the Arena chapel Plaster dries quickly, artist needs to work in segments Giotto and the Arena Chapel
Giotto di Bondone, "Lamentation," Arena Chapel, Padua, c. 1305, Fresco Iconography: Mary, Mary Magdalene, Saint John the Evangelist mourn Christ after Crucifixion Blue sky (naturalistic) Only haloes retain gold ...
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- Spring '08
- renaissance, Arena Chapel, Giotto di Bondone