Chapter 15 - Government Chapter 15 Freedom: The Struggle...

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Government Chapter 15 Freedom: The Struggle for Civil Liberties 1. Civil Liberties: Freedoms found primarily in the Bill of Rights that are protected from government interference a. Freedoms of expression, belief, and association b. Protection for people accused of committing a crime c. Prohibits: i. Suspension of habeas corpus ii. Passing bills of attainder iii. Passing ex post facto laws d. Passage of the Bill of Rights made the constitution more democratic 2. 19 th Century Rights and Liberties a. Economic Liberty: Right to own and use property free from excessive government interference b. Barron v. Baltimore ruled Bill of Rights didn’t apply to the states i. Contract Clause: Article 1, Section 10, of Constitution that prohibits states from passing any law “impairing the obligations of contracts” ii. Marshall Court used this clause for defense of property rights against interference by the states c. Under Taney, the Court began distinguishing between private property for economic vs. personal growth i. Ruled in favor of economy ii. Dred Scott case d. 14 th Amendment after Civil War gave citizenship rights to freed slaves
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Chapter 15 - Government Chapter 15 Freedom: The Struggle...

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