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Sex Education in Public Schools:Providing birth control information or abstinence only informationBy: Nicole SaariIvy Tech Psych:240
Sexual Education is;The instruction on issues relating to human sexuality, including emotional relations and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control and sexual abstinence.
•Abstinence-only approach to sexualeducation which emphasizes on abstinence fromsexualactivity prior to marriage and rejects any other methods such as contraception. There are currently two types of sexual education available in the United States. The First;Picture via istockphoto
•Comprehensive method of sex education which covers abstinence as a choice option, but also informs adolescents about the accessibility of contraception and teaches techniques to avoid contraction of sexually transmitted diseases. •The Second;There are currently two types of sexual education available in the United States. Picture via istockphoto
Current Policy In the United StatesAll states are somehow involved in some form of sex education for public schoolchildren. •22 states and the District of Columbia require public schools teach sex education (20 of which mandate sex education and HIV education.•33 states and the District of Columbia require students receive instruction about HIV/AIDS.•33 states and the District of Columbia require students receive instruction about HIV/AIDS. (9)Image via Huffington Post.
Parental rights concerning sexual education.▪37 states and the District of Columbia require school districts to allow parental involvement in sexual education programs.▪Three states require parental consent before a child can receive instruction.▪35 states as well as the District of Columbia allow parents to opt-out on behalf of their children. (9)
Current Policy In the United StatesMany States define parent’s rights concerning sexual education.•37 states and the District of Columbia require school districts to allow parental involvement in sexual education programs.•3 states require parental consent before a child can receive instruction.•35 states and the District of Columbia allow parents to opt-out on behalf of their children. (9)
Sex education is not mandatory, but health education is required and it includes information on abstinence. States prohibit teachers from replying to students' unprompted questions in ways that conflict with the law's requirements. Federally funded sex education at this time is solely for the Abstinence only method of educating. (3)
Facts…▪Each year, U.S. teens experience as many as 850,000 pregnancies.▪Young people ages 15 to 24 represent 25 percent of the sexually active population, but acquire half of all new STIs, which amounts to 9.8 million new cases a year.